The Rise And Progress Of Coatbridge And Surrounding Neighbourhood. Andrew Miller, Dundyvan Iron Works, Glasgow 1864
Index & Preface
Introduction—Early coal mining and appliances—Chemical works at Summerlee—Population of the Parish—Old Monkland Church and its ministers — Construction of Monkland Canal — The Collieries—Fatal catastrophe—Colliers employed—First pottery and tile work in Scotland—Canal Company—Anecdote—Old Roads—Cadger's well—Coal lords—The black face o't—Monopoly of coal fields—Canal Company's success
Discovery of blackband ironstone — Quality and extent — Slaty band ironstone—Extension of collieries—Success—Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway—Amalgamation—Extension—Glasgow and Garnkirk Railway—Garnkirk and Heathfield Brick Works— Wishaw and Coltness Railway—Mining Anecdote—Drumpeller Colliery and increase of coal trade—Foundries—Iron era— Discovery of hot blast, and application—Coatbridge as it was— The weaving trade—Langloan—Heather Inn—Comet Inn— Western Bank—Union Bank—Royal Bank—Clydesdale Bank
Stage coaches—Jackson's stables—Railways—Iron trade—Old and new buildings—Statistics of the population—Summerlee House— Railway station—Construction of railways—Cost of land— Wooden bridge—New iron bridge—Caledonian Railway—Revenue—Coatbridge Railway station
Increase of iron manufacture—Pig iron market—Tabular statement—1830 to 1863—Furnaces built—Number—Produce—Average price per ton—Total value—Bar iron—Fluctuation of the Scotch iron trade, from the Economist— Cost of minerals—Weight of. refuse—Number of furnaces in blast at the works
Coal fields—Blackband ironstone—Proportion to each iron work— A fortune twice lost—Rochsolloch ironstone fields—Lessees— Produce—Proprietor's share—Fortunate legacy—Hot blast—Law Counsel — Agents — Witnesses — Pursuers — Defenders—Jury— Result
CHAPTER VI. STRIKES.
1832—1837—Lord Ashley's bill—Strikes—1843—1853—Combination versus combination—Manufacture of Colliers—Evils of strikes—Results—Combination of strikes—1860—Ironmasters— Furnaces damped out—Strike terminates—Estimated loss of capital to the district
CHAPTER VII. MALLEABLE WORKS.
Calderbank—Moffat—Gartness—Extent of works—Produce—Stoppage and effects—Works re-started—Dundyvan—When started —Extent—Yearly average—Produce for market—Consumpt of coal, &c.
CHAPTER VIII. EDUCATION.
Churches—Relief or U.P.—First meeting—Church erected—Gartsherrie Church—Anecdotes—St John's Episcopal Chapel—Free Church — St Patrick's Chapel — Evangelical Union Church — BAILLIESTON—Crosshill Church—St John's Episcopal Chapel— United Presbyterian Church—Sabbath schools—Auld Muirend— Dominie Merry—The Petrified Dominie—Schools, Parochial and others—Teachers—Extension of education—Results—The working classes—Schools—Schoolmasters—Scholars
Iron trade—1844—Wages paid—Summerlee—Dundyvan and Gartsherrie Iron Works—Drumpeller Colliery—Coatbridge favoured— Strange gas work—Spontaneous combustion—Supply and demand—New gas work—Cost—Success—Prosperity—Table of consumpt—Percentage on capital
Water—Sources from whence originally obtained—Dumbank well— Minister's well, &c.—Scarcity and impurity of supply—Act of Parliament for the construction of Airdrie and Coatbridge Water Works—Site and acreage—Capital expended—Revenue derived— Dividend on shares—Quality of water—Number of consumers
Coatbridge a burgh—Town Council meetings—Jovial and pleasant —Select—List of provost, magistrates and other officials—Anecdote of a clergyman—Protection required—Police established—A change—County police
New works—Caledonian—Atlas—Britannia—Coats—Drumpeller— Clifton—Phoenix—Coatbridge—North British—Coatbridge Tin Plate—Tennant's foundry—Wood yards—Rochsolloch—Advantages of Railways—Canal—Glasgow, Baillieston and Langloan Railway—Coal—Demand—Supply—Produce of industry
Ironstone resources—Supplies for the works—Slaty ironstone— Extent—Probable supply—Hematite ore—Future prospects— Science in mining—Improvements—Our miners—Accidents— Inspector of mines' report for 1861
Past and present—West, mid, and east divisions—Tabular statistics—Collieries—Mines—Proprietors—Men employed—"Slaty " discovery in the west—Seams of coal in the district—Output of Coal—Past—Present—Mining—Subterranean results
Mining operations—Fire in Drumpeller Colliery—Situation—Extent —Fire Brigade—Cause of the Fire—Science; its application— Choke damp—Success of the plan—Fire in Rosehall Colliery— Alarm—Means applied—Extinction—Coal seams—The future
Mental Culture—Mechanics' institute (1840 and 1845)— Mechanics' Library—Directors—Old Monkland library—Permanent and Yearly Societies—Langloan—Coatbridge—The Bent day—Free Gardeners—Masonic, St James Old Monkland, 1790-1864—Total Abstinence—Temperance hall—Officials—Penny Savings Bank— Band of Hope—Benevolent Society
CHAPTER XVII. PAROCHIAL ASSESSMENT, &c.
Poor—Voluntary contributions—Compulsory—Rental assessed— New poor-house—Parochial inspectors—Pauperism—Parish roads —Income—Steam scows —Road surveyors—Acts of Parliament— Old records—Proclamation—1684—Rebels—Old and New Monk-land—Heritors—List of the majority—Sketch of the Drumpeller Family—Ancient burial grounds—Drumpeller—Rosehall—Heritors of the past—Iron
Amusements—Bowling club—Cricket club—Curling clubs—Adelphi theatre—War panic—Volunteers—4th Administrative Battalion, L.R.V.—Officers—Effective strength—Official inspection
Calder Iron Works—Its founders, and sketch of the Dixons of Calder—Monkland Iron and Steel Company—Origin—Progress— Partners
Gartsherrie Iron Works—Its founders—Messrs Baird—Birth-places of the family—An outline of their history, and rapid rise to fortune—With other interesting sketches
Dundyvan Iron Works—Founders—Messrs Dunlop and Wilson— Experiments in connection with the hot blast—Its success—Rise of the other works belonging to this company—Mr Wilson's family—His success in life—Summerlee Iron Works—Founders— Messrs Wilson & Co.—Sketch of the company's progress
Carnbroe and Langloan Iron Works, with outlines of the history of the respective proprietors, Messrs Merry & Cunningham, and Mr Robert Addie
CHAPTER XXIII. MINISTERS.
Past and present ministers of the district—Old Monkland Parish Church, Rev. Messrs Bower, Thomson, and Johnston—U. P. Church, Rev. Mr Stirling—Gartsherrie (Quoad Sacra) Church, Dr M'Latchie, Rev. Messrs Wood, Fraser, and Bell—St John's Episcopal Chapel, Rev. Messrs Kennedy, Robert and Charles Aitken, Leyland, Pattison, and Jonas—St Patrick's Chapel, Rev. Messrs Welsh and O'Keefe—Free Church, Rev. Messrs Connell, Graham, and Henderson—E. U. Church, Rev. Mr Inglis —Crosshill Chapel, Rev. Messrs Gray, Graham, and Ramsay— Episcopal Chapel, Rev. Messrs Reid, Davidson, and Hay— Missionaries connected with the middle district, Mr Robert Barnes, and Rev. Messrs Galloway and Hamilton
CHAPTER XXIV. PHYSICIANS.
Physicians—Of the past, Drs Mann, Kirk, Lawson, Stevenson, and Tennant—Of the present time, Dr Joseph Wilson, Dickson, Stewart, Allison, Robert Wilson, Adam, Munro, and Willis— Remarks on the health of the district—Epidemic diseases, &c.— Local Celebrities—Poets: Janet Hamilton and William Miller
General aspect of the district, with description of underground workings, &c. — Iron workers — The mining population, with numerous anecdotes, and conclusion
There are few districts in Scotland in which the results of individual energy are so fully exemplified as in Coatbridge. It may be indeed said to have been the cradle of the Iron manufacture of the kingdom; and, in bringing up and recording the events of the past, and the names of the enterprising few who, by their science and skill, explored and searched the earth, and expended their capital to benefit their fellow-men, we shall find their names not amongst the great or the titled, and we will not require to search amongst parchments of a century back to trace their genealogy. It is from the ranks of the ploughmen, the blacksmiths, the mechanics, the weavers, and the miners of the district that they have sprung, with only a few exceptions. It will, at the same time, be our task to mark the decided change which time has wrought; compare the past with the present; and also record the mental energy and courage of those men who have elevated themselves by their own industry, and have thus become the benefactors of thousands. Such, indeed, has been the lot of the Iron and Coal-masters who have played their part on the stage of time, in this small portion of the globe, during the past eighty years.