Scottish Mining Website

Fatal Accidents in Mines in Scotland - 1900
- compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background
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YearMonthDayMineCountyOwner or CompanyFirst NameSurnameAgeOccupationCategoryCause of accident & remarksExtra details
1900January1KeltyFifeFife Coal Co LtdDavidBrown58EnginemanOn surface – miscellaneousDeceased, who was alone when the accident occurred, appeared to have been on the top of the cylinders of a vertical pumping engine, filling the lubricators, and to have fallen thence to the floor, a distance of about 13 feet. His skull was fractured.  
1900January4AuchlochanLanarkW C S CunninghamJohnWyllie39RoadsmanIn shafts – falling from part way downDeceased was acting temporarily as bottomer in a shaft in which there were two landings, one of them being eight fathoms above the bottom. Only ten miners were employed in the Upper Seam, and one bottomer acted for both landings, riding from one to the other as required. Deceased was descending from the upper to the lower landing, and while closing the gate behind him at the former, appeared to have slipped between the end of the cage and the side of the shaft, and to have fallen to the bottom, the cage descending and resting upon him. He was extricated immediately, but died a minute or two afterwards.  
1900January4EarnockLanarkJohn Watson LtdDonaldson McFarlaneLees34Contractor BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was repairing timber on an engine haulage road, when a large fall of roof took place, swinging the timber. The roof was broken at the point  
1900January8NiddrieEdinburghNiddrie & Benhar Coal Co LtdRobertLogan47FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustDeceased and another fireman began to inspect the workings after the holiday, preparatory to work restarting. In going to a rise place by the usual ladder-way, they found it blocked by a fall, and returning, they proceeded up the brake incline, deceased leading the way; at the drum, gas was ignited by deceased's open light, which he carried on his cap, and an explosion resulted, causing him to lose his hold and fall to the bottom of incline, a distance of 40 yards. The gradient was 75°. Gas was known to be in the rise place some distance away, and both men carried safety lamps besides their open lights, but never before had gas been seen in a working brake incline.

From Main body of report: At Niddrie Colliery the deceased and another fireman were examining the workings after the New Year's holidays, and although not perhaps expecting fire-damp, yet had with them a safety lamp which, however, they were not using at the time. Niddrie, although a deep mine, is yet very free from fire-damp.
1900January10MerrytonLanarkMerryton Coal CoDavidThompson15Pony DriverFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was in the act of hooking the chain from a pony on to a hutch close to the working face, when a large fall of roof took place, swinging out the timber which was set very close as the roof is soft.  
1900January12Glenyards (Fireclay)StirlingGlenyards Fireclay CoSamuelConnor31MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofA fall of roof from the face of a thick fireclay seam.  
1900January15Hattonrigg No 3 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdJamesAdams14Pony DriverHaulage – by trams and tubsRun over by the first of two loaded hutches which he was taking out a level. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900January18Bothwell Castle No 2 PitLanarkWm Baird & Co LtdGeorgeDay47MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal. Apparently he had been working beneath it without sprags  
1900January18RosebankFifeJohn Nimmo & Son LtdThomasHynd23BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was pulling down some loose stones left by a recently fired brushing shot, when a large stone fell upon him breaking his back. He succumbed to his injuries on 20th November.  
1900January19ClydesdaleLanarkUnited Collieries LtdDuncanRussell55RoadsmanMiscellaneous underground – sundriesWhile working in the pit deceased punctured his hand with a rusty nail, and blood poisoning supervened, causing his death 10 days later.  
1900January19SpringbankLanarkSpringbank Colliery Co LtdThomasGill35machinemanFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was employed as advance rail layer for a coal cutting machine, and while engaged preparing to set a prop, the roof suddenly fell from between a "dry" and a "lype," which were unseen.  
1900January22HallsideLanarkJames Dunlop & Co LtdRobertRennie35MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof from “brushing face”. Caused by want of props. Newspaper report - Lanarkshire pages
1900January24StanriggLanarkWm Black & Sons LtdWilliamBulloch56Sinking ContractorMiscellaneous underground – suffocation by natural gasesDeceased had taken a contract to re-open an old shaft filled with debris. It had been cleared out a few fathoms by a previous contractor. Deceased had not made a start with the work, but descended by means of a windlass and bucket to examine the pit, when he was overcome by black damp and fell from the bucket.  
1900January24WhitehillEdinburghLothian Coal Co LtdJamesThomson49Wagon repairerOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysDeceased was engaged repairing the buffer of a wagon, when another, which had been shunted into the same road, moved slowly and silently forward, and he was fatally crushed between them.  
1900January25Dalziel No 2 PitLanarkWishaw Coal Co LtdWm.Kelly28MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of coal and stone from the roof. Another man was injured Newspaper report - Lanarkshire pages
1900January26HallsideLanarkJames Dunlop & Co LtdHenryCairns38Road RepairerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof on road while repairing it.  
1900January26StaneLanarkTurners LtdGeorgeMontgomery57LabourerOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysCrushed between wagons at the screens.  
1900January29Gilbertfield No 2 PitLanarkCambuslang Coal Co LtdCharlesSneddon58MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof in working place.  
1900January29WhitriggLinlithgowR Forrester & CoAlexanderRogers43SinkerIn shafts – whilst ascending or descending by machineryDeceased was the leading sinker, and he and three other sinkers came from the bottom in the kettle to the Jewel coal level to make some alterations on the pump; by a mistake of signals they were raised to the "striking" mark, which was too far, and again, in signalling to be lowered, a mistake was made, and the kettle was dropped suddenly, whereby deceased was thrown off and fell to the bottom, a distance of 7 fathoms. The signals given to the engineman were such as given to raise debris and strike in the usual way. The signal for men to ascend was not given. Newspaper report - Lothian pages
1900February5EastriggLinlithgowEastrigg Coal CoFrancisBothwell45BrusherMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesDeceased bored a hole for a shot to blast down the brushing, which was composed of very hard sandstone, and while inserting part of the charge of gelignite an explosion occurred. The cartridges were hard.  
1900February12CarbarnsLanarkWm Hudspith & CoJamesDickson27FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustA section of Ell Coal had been reached by a stone mine driven upwards from the Main Coal, and a place had been driven in the Ell Coal to a small blind-pit put up from the Main Coal on the vees of a trouble so as to provide two airways. While driving the stone mine and the place in the Ell Coal, a current of air was carried forward by brattice, but the current was so feeble that when driving in the Ell Coal it had to be assisted by means of a hand fan and wood rhones or air boxes. Some trouble had been experienced with fire damp in the Ell Coal. The connection with the blind pit had been completed before the accident, but notwithstanding this, on the day of the accident gas was found in the Ell Coal, and no miners were allowed to work in it. The three deceased, and another man, who was injured, were engaged trying to remove the gas. The injured man was working the hand fan and the fireman had gone forward with a Davy safety lamp to see if the connection with the blind pit was open, and the manager and oversman were near the foot of the stone mine, when a somewhat violent explosion occurred, coming from where the fireman was. The fireman's body was found near the blind pit, and the bottom of his safety lamp was found some yards further out. The gauze was not found. The place in the Ell Coal was dry and rather dusty.

From Main body of report: The Carbarns Colliery explosion was primarily due to insufficient ventilation, the return air way was of inadequate size, and considerable leakage took place from the intake air current owing to defective stoppings, the consequence was that although there was an efficient fan and a good intake air road very little air reached the-face, and what, I believe, was a comparatively limited issue of fire-damp could not be properly dealt with. A connection made with a blind pit a day or two before the accident had been expected to remedy matters, but this did not increase the feeble current, and fire-damp was found in considerable quantities on the day of the explosion, and the deceased men were engaged in its removal at the time of the accident-an operation which, I think, should have been left over until the ordinary workmen were out of the pit. One of the deceased, the fireman, went forward to near the top of the blind pit and the explosion came from him. He carried an ordinary Davy safety lamp and after the accident the safety lamp, minus the gauze, was found a few yards further out than his body. The gauze was not found, but was supposed to be under a large fall of roof, which took place after the explosion, near where the lamp was found.

Newspaper report - Carbarns page

1900February13GrangemouthStirlingGrangemouth Coal Co LtdDavid KerrHarrower13Stone PickerOn surface – by machineryCrushed by the connecting rod of a pumping engine.  
1900February13Hamilton Palace No 1 PitLanarkBent Colliery Co LtdJohnBuchan34MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof in working place. Newspaper report - Bothwellhaugh pages
1900February14EarnockLanarkJohn Watson LtdHenryMcCairtney43MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesA shot in deceased's place was lighted by the fireman. Deceased retired, but, apparently deceived either by the sound of another shot or by a bump in the strata, thought his shot had exploded, and returned to his place, and was fatally injured by his shot exploding.  
1900February15KnockterraAyrWm Baird & Co LtdThomasCree15MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofWhile drawing a hutch along a road a stone from the roof fell upon him  
1900February19Gilmilnscroft No 3 PitAyrGauchalland Coal CoWm.McConnell38MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal while holing beneath it. Caused by the want of a sprag.  
1900February21Hill of BeathFifeFife Coal Co LtdDavidMuir56MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was stamping a hole in the coal head to support the inner end of a bar, which was intended to support a portion of the roof, from beneath which the coal had just been taken. While doing so, a large wedge-shaped stone of triangular section fell from between two ''lypes," killing him almost instantaneously. The existence of one of the "lypes" was known of prior to the accident, but that of the other was only revealed when the stone fell. Newspaper report - Beath pages
1900February22GlespinLanarkRobert SwannRobertWeir33ManagerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustDeceased, with his oversman and fireman, went to survey a part of the workings in the Four-Feet coal seam, all of them carrying open lights, when gas was ignited by one or other of deceased's or fireman's light, resulting in an explosion. Gas had not been seen in the section, but three years before it was found in a section opposite. The section was part of a "ventilating district," and in terms of section 5 of the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1896, should have been inspected daily, but apparently this had not been done. In close proximity to the place of accident was a large fault.

From Main body of report: At Glespin Colliery, where fire-damp is hardly ever seen, the manager and other officials were surveying some abandoned workings, when they encountered some gas. It would have been prudent in this case to have made an examination with a safety lamp before commencing the survey.
1900February22Wester QueenslieLanarkJohn AllanJamesBroadley45MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesWhile forcing gelignite cartridges into a shot hole drilled in sandstone with a wooden stemmer they exploded. Another person was injured.  
1900February23Dumbreck No 2 PitStirlingWm Baird & Co LtdAlexanderMiller41FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustWhile making his inspection previous to the night shift, and immediately after the fan had been restarted after a stoppage of 14 hours for repairs, an explosion of fire damp took place, wrecking the section of workings. His body was found 50 yards distant from the working place where his safety lamp and naked lamp were lying. He evidently was using his naked light.

From Main body of report: No fewer than three firemen lost their lives while making their inspection, previous to the commencement of the shift, with a naked light instead of with a safety lamp. The first of these happened in Dumbreck No. 2 Pit. The fan had been stopped for 14 hours for repairs, and as soon as it was restarted the deceased fireman commenced to make an inspection of the workings with a naked light. It is almost incredible that a man should thus court death, but when his naked lamp was afterwards found lying beside his safety lamp the only conclusion one can arrive at is that while carrying an open light he walked into an accumulation of fire-damp, with the inevitable result that an explosion followed.
1900February23Whistleberry No 2 PitLanarkArchd RussellJohnMcCluskey40MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working place.  
1900February27Bothwell Park No 2 PitLanarkWm Baird & Co LtdJohnBeattie28RoadsmanHaulage – on inclined or engine planesWhile removing a stone which had fallen upon a runaway "race" of hutches on a haulage road, the haulage engine was unexpectedly started, and he was crushed between the stone and the side of the road. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900March2EarnockLanarkJohn Watson LtdThomasPrentice54AshmanOn surface – miscellaneousA wall against which dross for the boilers was laid down collapsed, and fell on deceased.  
1900March5RosewellEdinburghLothian Coal Co LtdAlexanderNisbet31MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was proceeding to the rise side of his working-place when the roof suddenly fell upon him.  
1900March6Jellieston No 2 PitAyrDalmellington Iron Co LtdJamesPaterson75Pony DriverHaulage – by trams and tubsHe fell off a "race" of hutches on a horse road and was run over.  
1900March9ArnistonEdinburghArniston Coal Co LtdJohnSweeney37DrawerHaulage – on inclined or engine planesDeceased was a drawer on a cuddiebrae, and while descending with a loaded tub the wheel-tree came out and tub and cuddie descended rapidly to the level road ; he held on to the tub, and when it struck the wall side the impact threw him back in front of the descending cuddle. The wheel-tree was too short and had been put up shortly before the accident.  
1900March12Pumpherston (Oil Shale)LinlithgowPumpherston Oil Co LtdArchibaldMurphy39MinerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustDeceased worked in an upset in the Pattison shale, and on the morning of the accident the fireman discovered gas and prevented him starting, but sent him to work in a level above. After breakfast he went in to have a look at the upset face, and while going up his open light ignited the gas, causing an explosion, whereby he was severely burned, the injuries terminating in his death about three weeks afterwards. The deceased was well aware of the presence of gas, and in passing in he was warned by the boy who worked a hand fan at the foot of the upset.

From Main body of report: In the Pumpherston Oil Shale Mine and Cowdenbeath Colliery explosions the presence of small quantities of fire-damp was known before the explosions, in the Pumpherston case the deceased man, against the order of the fireman, went into an upset and ignited gas.
1900March14CowdenbeathFifeFife Coal Co LtdRichardLumsden29Locomotive DriverOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysDeceased, who had had previous experience as a locomotive driver elsewhere, had only commenced work here on the morning of the accident, and was assisting the ordinary driver in order to ''learn the road." When taking a train of twenty-nine loaded trucks down from the pit on a gradient falling 1 in 33, the driver lost control of the train, and finding that his locomotive wheels were "skidding," and that he was unable to pull up, he shouted to deceased to jump off, at the same time doing so himself. Deceased remained on the engine, which left the rails at a set of facing points, toppled over, and fell upon the weighing table, which was broken to pieces. Deceased was thrown into the weighing pit and killed instantly. The whole of the brakes were said to have been pinned down, but apparently they had not sufficient power to control the train.  
1900March26CowdenbeathFifeFife Coal Co LtdMichaelRowley50MinerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustDeceased and another worked in an upset near the face of a dook. The upset had been driven for a distance of about 20 feet, and had a rise of 1 in 2. Canvas was led to the mouth of the upset, but no provision was made to take air to the face. No one had worked in the upset for 40 hours prior to the accident. The fireman reported to deceased's fellow workman that he had found a small quantity of firedamp at the face of the upset, and had wafted it out, and permitted them to pass inbye, giving them an unlocked Davy lamp, with which they might examine the place if they entered it before he reached it again. On reaching the upset they entered it with open lights, and ignited some gas, which burned both men somewhat severely. Deceased succumbed to his injuries five days' later.

From Main body of report: In the Pumpherston Oil Shale Mine and Cowdenbeath Colliery explosions the presence of small quantities of fire-damp was known before the explosions …… At Cowdenbeath Colliery the fireman improperly allowed workmen to proceed into a working place where he had found gas and was evidently suspicious of it as he gave them a safety lamp to examine for themselves. The fireman was charged with culpable homicide, but was acquitted.
Newspaper report - Beath pages
1900March30PoltonEdinburghLothian Coal Co LtdPatrickClark21MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was standing holing on top of the coal, when the roof suddenly fell.  
1900April2DevonClackmannanAlloa Coal Co LtdThomasStansbury37MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was holing, when a piece of head coal burst out from the solid, and striking his head, inflicted such injury.,that he died three days afterwards. Newspaper reports - Clackmannan accidents
1900April7ArnistonEdinburghArniston Coal Co LtdDavidJack63CranefooterFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was assisting a fireman to rail a set of derailed tubs on a wheel brae, when a large stone fell from the side near the roof and rolled over him, causing injuries which terminated fatally an hour afterwards.  
1900April11Auchenharvie No 5 PitAyrGlengarnock Iron & Steel Co LtdWm.McIntyre40MinerHaulage – on inclined or engine planesRun over by runaway hutches on a self-acting incline when travelling up to his working place.  
1900April11FallahillLinlithgowUnited Collieries LtdJamesMcLean23MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was working alone in a long wall place, in a thin seam, when a piece of sandstone, 7 ft. in length and of triangular section, fell upon him, fracturing his skull. One side of the stone was formed by a "dry," which only became visible after the accident.  
1900April12Holytown No 2 PitLanarkJames Nimmo & Co LtdPeterCassells27MinerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustFiredamp, apparently suddenly released by the breaking of the roof, ignited at an open light. Other two men were injured

From Main body of report: Two miners, sons of the fireman, lost their lives, and other two miners were injured, in Holytown No. 12 Pit by an explosion evidently caused by gas from a sudden outburst coming in contact with a naked light. The Lower Drumgray seam was being opened up by the long-wall system of working, when a sudden break in the roof took place, and one of the miners, on rushing out to the road-head, ignited the gas. The fireman, on returning about half an hour afterwards, observed some of the timbering on fire about 40 yards distant from where the gas was ignited, and was fortunate in retiring to a place of safety ere there was a second explosion, caused by the gas accumulating and igniting at the burning timber. After this, the owners were induced to introduce safety lamps, but within six months they wished to revert to open lights, and seemed to consider it a hardship when I informed them that I would oppose any attempt to withdraw the safety lamps in the meantime.
1900April13Bannockburn No 2 PitStirlingAlloa Coal Co LtdHughDuncan41MinerShaft accidents - falling from part way downWhen he stepped off the cage at a mid-working, he fell into the cage seat of the other cage, and through the defective scaffolding to the bottom of the shaft. Newspaper report - Stirling pages
1900April13GlencraigFifeWilsons & Clyde Coal Co LtdThomasWood53FiremanMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesA place was being driven up on a level road for ventilation, and a shot was prepared and fuse ignited by the miner in charge of the place: just then deceased passed in the level, and he went to the dip side opposite where place should come through to ascertain the thickness of coal between, when the shot exploded and blew through, killing him instantaneously.  
1900April16Chapel    AlexanderWilson    Not listed in reportDeath not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages [Natural causes]
1900April16BowhillFifeBowhill Coal Co LtdCorneliusO'Donnell35Stone MinerMiscellaneous underground – irruptions of waterDeceased and another miner worked in a stone mine at foot of the main dook. and at the same time a "througher" was being driven toward the companion dook 35 yards away, which contained water: this water suddenly burst into "througher'' and running to the stone mine deceased was drowned. The thickness of coal between "througher" and companion dook at time of burst was 13 inches. The water lay 95 feet up the companion dook road, and the quantity calculated amounted to 29,500 gallons, with a head of 10.4 lbs. per square inch. A prosecution was raised against the manager for contravention of General Rule 13.  
1900April21EddlewoodLanarkJohn Watson LtdWilliamMurphy50BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was alone putting in a building, when a stone fell off the face of the brushing on him. Before he was discovered he had lain under the stone for fully an hour, he subsequently died from his injuries.  
1900April23CowdenbeathFifeFife Coal Co LtdJamesMcCue32RoadsmanFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased and another workman were engaged taking a tub along an airway, from which the rails had been lifted, and while dragging it down it struck a prop, and knocking it out, released a stone, which fell and fatally crushed him.  
1900April24Dumbreck No 1 PitStirlingWm Baird & Co LtdWilliamBranks22DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofWhile taking a hutch along a road the roof fell on him Newspaper report - Stirling pages
1900May1CowdenbeathFifeFife Coal Co LtdThomasGlenny14DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofThe deceased were found under a stone, 30 ft. from the coal face, by the fireman while making his usual inspection; the boy was quite dead, and the man died four hours later from his injuries. It is supposed that Glenny came inbye with an empty tub, and leaving it at the place of "coup," he went to the face for Brown to assist him to "coup" it up, and both were returning for that purpose when the roof fell.  
1900May2Blantyre FermeLanarkA G Moore & CoWm.Renfrew29MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal and midstone, which burst away from the unholed face.  
1900May2Meiklehill No 5 PitDumbartonJames Wood LtdJamesKerr20DrawerHaulage – by trams and tubsApparently he was illegally drawing in front of a loaded hutch coming down an inclined road, and got run over by it.  
1900May3GleneskEdinburghMelville Coal Co LtdWilliamKing50MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was lying holing at a longwall face in a 3 ft. 1 in. seam, when the coal suddenly broke off along a length of twelve feet, and fell upon him, killing him almost instantly. The oversman and two others witnessed the accident. The coal had been holed for a length of 13ft., and no holing props or gibs had been set, the coal having hitherto required to be blasted with gunpowder. The jury, at the Inquiry, recommended that in future the Rules as to propping should be more strictly enforced. Newspaper report - Lothian pages
1900May5PrestongrangeHaddingtonSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdFrancisDawson21BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased and three others were brushing a level in a 3 ft. 6 in. seam, which was being opened up to work long wall. He knocked out a prop at the mouth of a branch road in order to get down some stones wherewith to complete a roadside building, when a heavy fall took place, part of which slipped forward and struck him, knocking him down and killing him instantly.  
1900May17Charlestown (Limestone)FifeCharlestown Lime CoJohnWatson62LabourerMetalliferous minesDeceased was engaged filling a tub near the face when a stone fell from the roof and struck him.  
1900May18Parkhead No 17 PitLanarkGlasgow Iron & Steel Co LtdJohnMcCrae54MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal, which he knew to be loose, but which he failed to sprag.  
1900May21ArnistonEdinburghArniston Coal Co LtdWilliamBrodie35MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideA strip of about 3 ft. in width was being taken off one side of an old longwall road, for the purpose of straightening it. Deceased was holing out the old stowage under the overhanging side, when a stone 9 ft. in length by 3 ft. by 3 ft. at extremes, suddenly came away from an old break formed by the subsidence of the roof over the longwall waste, and fell upon him. He died whilst being extricated. The stone did not appear to have been in any way shored or ranced up.  
1900May29WemyssFifeWemyss Coal Co LtdThomasChristie59MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was laying the foundation for a wooden pillar to support the roof when the coal above suddenly fell. Newspaper report - Fife pages
1900June1Hamilton Palace No 1 PitLanarkBent Colliery Co LtdJosephChereshewski26MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal  
1900June2CameronFifeBowman & CoJohnGrey17DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideWhile passing along the coal face, a mass of coal, which was holed and ranced, broke over the rances and killed him.  
1900June6BogheadLinlithgowGavin Paul & SonsJamesDoyle46MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofA thin stone fell right across deceased's place from the roof.  
1900June7Dechmont No 1 PitLanarkArchd RussellWm.Wilson45MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at “brushing face”  
1900June7Portland No 8 PitAyrWm Baird & Co LtdWm.McGaw45LabourerOn surface – by machineryWhen working beneath a "shaking scree" the hangers supporting it gave way, and it fell on him.  
1900June8GleneskEdinburghMelville Coal Co LtdWilliamGrey50JoinerIn shafts – falling from part way downWhile deceased and others were working in a sinking shaft, a plank on which they stood broke, and they fell on to a scaffold below.  
1900June12CadzowLanarkCadzow Coal Co LtdGeorge WilliamRenwick16CarterOn surface – miscellaneousWhile driving a cart in the colliery yard the wheel came in contact with a pump-pipe, and the cart was overturned.  
1900June14CadzowLanarkCadzow Coal Co LtdWilliamCornish17BogiemanHaulage – on inclined or engine planesDeceased was discovered by another bogieman, who was proceeding inbye with an empty rake, under the tubs of his own rake. It is supposed that deceased, who had lifted a part of his loaded rake from a bench a short distance inbye from place of accident, had failed to grip his rope, and the rake descending a slight dip, ran too hard, and he attempted to jump off at a man-hole, but striking the stoop side he was thrown back among the moving tubs.  
1900June18Blair No 7 PitAyrWm Baird & Co LtdAlexr.Clockworthy18MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working place.  
1900July2Holytown No 5 PitLanarkJames Nimmo & Co LtdJosephBrodie20BottomerShaft accidents – miscellaneousHe signalled the cage to be raised a little in order to go into the cage seat to clean it. This was done, and while in the cage seat the cage was lowered upon him. He was alone at the time. The engineman alleged that he received the signal to lower the cage again. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900July2WhitriggLinlithgowR Forrester & CoGeorgeMcCallum33DrawerIn shafts – whilst ascending or descending by machineryDeceased was one of six men who worked on the night shift in a seam which was only being opened up. and in which no bottomer was employed. Having occasion to ascend the shaft, he rang the signal bell from the pit bottom. A witness near the pit bottom stated that the bell was rung three times, but he failed to observe whether any return signal was given. The engineman and three others on pithead stated that the bell only rang once. As the cage was being raised from pit bottom, in which it was standing at the time, deceased attempted to jump on. and was apparently caught and crushed against the door head, or side of the shaft. He was dragged up for some distance, and then fell back to the bottom. His heart and lungs had been crushed, and he had received a severe scalp wound.  
1900July4Braidhurst No 2 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdRobertDavidson17Pony DriverFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofThe fireman was redding a fall on a haulage road. The deceased was standing beside the fireman, when a stone fell from the roof and struck him. Newspaper reports - Lanarkshire accidents
1900July4NiddrieEdinburghNiddrie & Benhar Coal Co LtdJamesHeriot55MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was engaged breaking out his "cut," when the coal suddenly burst over the sprags. The injuries proved fatal about eight weeks afterwards.  
1900July5DeansLinlithgowPumpherston Oil Co LtdAlexanderBegbie32PitheadmanIn shafts – falling into shaft from surfaceSome water was being drawn from the bottom of a pit sinking to the Houston Coal, in a barrel attached to the winding rope. As the barrel was raised from the bottom, its lip caught the lower edge of the barring, jerking the rope and causing it to oscillate somewhat violently in the shaft. Deceased, who was standing at the striking scaffold at pithead, put out his hand to steady the rope, but missed it, overbalanced, and fell to the bottom of the shaft, 108 feet below, striking the barrel in his descent. His skull was fractured.  
1900July7Herbertshire No 2 PitStirlingR Addie & Sons Collieries LtdPeterMcDermott18DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working place. Newspaper report - Stirling pages
1900July7LumphinnansFifeFife Coal Co LtdAdamDrylie44Contractor BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased had fired a shot in the brushing which had not cleared away the stone at one side, and he was examining the stone preparatory to boring a hole to blast it down when it fell on him.  
1900July18Skerrington No 20 PitAyrJ & R HowieAlexr.Goldie40MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesHe was firing a gunpowder shot, and either prematurely lit the gunpowder in the squib, or was returning to re-light the squib, thinking that it had gone out, when the shot went off.  
1900July24KeltyFifeFife Coal Co LtdThomasPaterson27LabourerIn shafts – ropes or chains breakingDeceased's duty was to place empty hutches on the cages at the surface. A balance rope below the cages is in use. As one of the cages containing empty hutches was leaving the surface some empty hutches were being placed in position for putting on the same cage in its next descent. These hutches ran too far, and deceased attempted to hold them back by placing his back against them, but was overcome and forced into the descending cage, followed by one of the hutches, which jammed the cage and prevented its descent. The engineman had put on full steam to raise the loaded cage from the bottom, and the strain was communicated by the balance rope to the bottom of the cage at the surface, and it was pulled down, overcoming the resistance offered by the hutch, and eventually fell with a jerk, breaking the chain next the rope, and the cage and deceased fell to the bottom.

From Main body of report: An accident at Kelty Colliery was indirectly caused by the use of a balance rope, and to avoid a similar accident the timbers below which the balance rope extends were, after the accident arranged so that they would give way on a slight strain being applied.
1900July28RedfordStirlingJames Nimmo & Co LtdAlexanderUre51MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was engaged taking down coal, and when the coal fell the roof fell with it and fatally crushed him. Newspaper report - Stirling pages
1900August2Blantyre FermeLanarkA G Moore & CoJohnHenderson32overmanHaulage – by ropes or chains breakingWhile travelling up a "dook" behind a nice of hutches a coupling broke and the hutches ran back on him.  
1900August6AllantonLanarkWilliam Barr & SonsJamesSmith19brakesmanOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysDeceased was running alongside some wagons to regulate their speed by the brake of the first one as they passed into a siding, when by some means he stumbled and fell, one of the wagons passing over him. The brake on the wagon by which the speed was being regulated was a patent one.  
1900August6Greenside No 6 PitLanarkUnited Collieries LtdDanielMcMenemy53SinkerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideA stone, which apparently came off the side of the shaft in process of being sunk, fell upon him while working in the bottom. Another man was injured. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900August7Bothwell Park No 1 PitLanarkWm Baird & Co LtdJohnPetravage28MinerHaulage – by trams and tubsHe went in front of a derailed hutch to lift it on the rails. In doing so, the snibbles fell out and the hutch ran over him. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900August10Bardykes No 1 PitLanarkMerry & Cunninghame LtdRobertWatson45MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working place.  
1900August12Tannochside No 3 PitLanarkArchibald RussellJamesMurphy33BrusherExplosions of fire damp or coal dustAfter receiving a safety lamp he illegally lighted an open light, and on entering his working place he ignited fire damp, which appears to have accumulated after the fireman's inspection. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900August14DevonClackmannanAlloa Coal CoJohnMitchell65RepairerHaulage – on inclined or engine planesWhile a bogieman was riding in front of a set of loaded tubs on an engine dook 1,100 yards in length, he observed deceased standing on the right side of the road. Immediately after passing him he heard a cry, and at once jumped off the bogie and signalled to stop the set. His lamp having been extinguished, he went down the dook for a short distance to get a light, and on returning found deceased on the left side of dook about 10 yards above the point where he had passed him, and in the act of crawling from between the fourth and fifth tubs of the set. Deceased stated that while the set was passing him his foot slipped, and he fell against the electric signal wires, receiving a shock which caused him to recoil and fall between the tubs. From the relative positions of deceased, some pump pipes, a wire rope,and the signal wires, it appeared to be much more probable that he had been attempting to get upon the tubs or the couplings between them in order to ride up the dook, a practice which, although forbidden by the Special Rules, was evidently somewhat prevalent in the mine at the time. Deceased succumbed to his injuries nine days afterwards.  
1900August15Nethercroy No 1 PitDumbartonCarron CoJohnConnolly64Pump AttendantHaulage – on inclined or engine planesRun over by a "race" of hutches on a dook. He stepped in front of it instead of to the side. Newspaper report - Dunbartonshire pages
1900August16Orbiston No 2 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdJamesCowden35BottomerShaft accidents -things falling from part way downWhile putting a hutch on the cage he was struck on the head by some unknown substance which fell down the shaft. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900August17Cadder No 17 PitLanarkCarron CoHughHarrigan47MinerHaulage – on inclined or engine planesWhile going up a self-acting incline he was run over by a runaway hutch.  
1900August17Portland No 5 PitAyrPortland Colliery Co LtdJohnTodd, jun34Oncost WorkerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustA section of dip workings sealed off by a brick stopping was being re-opened. Two shots of Nobel's blasting gelatine were fired in the stopping, 30 inches thick, blowing it down and causing an explosion of fire damp accumulated behind it. The men all retired nearer the shaft, and an hour afterwards a second explosion occurred, fatally injuring six of them and injuring other two. The cause of the second explosion has not been ascertained.

From Main body of report: The most serious explosion that happened during the year occurred in No. 5 Pit, Portland Colliery, Ayrshire. This colliery, which is close to Kilmarnock, belongs to the Portland Colliery Co., Ltd., Mr. Allan Gilmour being the managing-director, and Mr. Daniel Gilmour the manager. No. 5 or Nursery Pit is the downcast shaft, No. 4 or Wellington Pit, which is 1,100 yards distant, being the upcast. The main coal seam in which the explosion happened is 7 feet thick, and is worked on the "stoop and room" system. The accompanying plan No. 1, shows the Hurlford section of the workings. Owing to a fire caused by spontaneous combustion some years ago the section BB was shut off by building a stopping in each of the two mines which formed the only means of access to this section. One of these stoppings was in the Dook Mine at the point (d). It appears that about a month previous to the explosion these old workings were tapped at the point (f) when fire-damp was given off. Thereafter a working place was driven as far as the point (e) where John Higgins, Junr., and Boyd Cummock were working with safety lamps, their place being ventilated by means of bratticing.
It having been determined to open up the section BB from the Dook Mine also, on the 17th August, David Clark and John Todd were sent by the under-manager to blast out the stopping (d) by means of Nobel's blasting gelatine. This stopping consisted of a brick wall, 30 inches thick, built with cement. It seems that about 12.30 p.m., after having drilled and charged two shot-holes in the stopping, and lit the fuses, the men retired to a point between (c) and (h). First one and then the other shot went off, and the second was instantly followed by an explosion of fire-damp, which injured Alexr. Dunlop, who was working with James Brown at the point (a). There were 12 men in all in the section, and after the explosion they at once retired up the "Crosscut Dook." Four men went out to the pit bottom, while the others remained in the intake airway between the points AA', and while waiting there until the arrival of the under-manager the fireman and two of the miners took the safety lamps and went back to attempt to get their clothes, but encountered fire-damp when approaching the place (b), and had to retire. When Johnstone, the under-manager, arrived, he and the fireman and two miners went down the Crosscut Dook to explore, and having been met by fire-damp, which put out one of the two safety lamps, they had retired nearly to the top of the dook when a second explosion happened. About three-quarters of an hour afterwards the men were all found insensible by the manager and others between the points A and A1, the point A being some 260 yards distant from No. 5 shaft. The under-manager was found lying in the recess (g) with a safety lamp and his naked lamp beside him. The other safety lamp was found some distance nearer the pit bottom. Turnbull's (the fireman) safety lamp was afterwards found at the point (h), where he appears to have been at the time of the first explosion.
The ventilating current comes from No. 5 Pit and down the Crosscut Dook in the direction indicated by the arrows, and was said to have been conducted by screens and bratticing to within 20 yards of the stopping (d), but as these erections were all blown away by the explosion a subsequent inspection could not show where they had been placed. On examining the stopping (d) after the explosion, it was found that the shots had made an opening 4 feet wide by 2 2/3 feet high right through. There seems to be no doubt that the first explosion was caused by the shots igniting firedamp accumulated on the lower side of the stopping. About an hour elapsed ere the second explosion occurred, but I have been unable to ascertain what was the cause of it. It seems evident that a body of firedamp accumulated behind the stopping, on being released by the shots, worked its way upwards until it came in contact with a naked light, and the explosion thus initiated was carried on and intensified by the coal dust, as these workings are both dry and dusty. There is evidence that the force of the blast radiated from the vicinity of the point (j), and this points to the possibility of the first explosion having set fire to some timbering or brattice cloth which kept burning until the body of firedamp reached it and became ignited.
The investigation and subsequent inquiry into the cause of this explosion brought to light several contraventions of the regulations, and proceedings were taken against the manager as being responsible for three of these. After evidence was heard he was convicted in each case and fined £15.
AndrewJohnstone35Under Manager
JohnGemmell, jun23Miner
1900August18Camps (Limestone)EdinburghColtness Iron Co LtdJohn BinnieHempseed46OversmanMetalliferous minesDeceased was engaged finishing off some limestone from a bench when a piece fell off the side of the stoop and struck him on the head. Newspaper report - Lothian pages
1900August22HaughheadLanarkHaughhead Coal Co LtdRobertM'Alpine35BottomerShaft accidents – miscellaneousHe was alone at the pit bottom, and after signalling away the cage he was in some unknown manner caught by it, and when the cage reached the surface his body was found lying in it. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900August30Gilmilnscroft No 3 PitAyrGauchalland Coal CoDavidMitchell19MinerShaft accidents -things falling from part way downWhen about to draw an empty hutch off the cage he was struck on the head by a stone which fell down the shaft from some place unknown.  
1900September3Kenmuirhill No 2 PitLanarkGlasgow Coal Co LtdThomasStirling37FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustWhile making his morning inspection, apparently with a naked light as well as with a safety lamp, he ignited fire damp, and was fatally injured by the explosion

From Main body of report: No fewer than three firemen lost their lives while making their inspection, previous to the commencement of the shift, with a naked light instead of with a safety lamp……The second of these explosions happened in Kenmuirhill Colliery, and in this same colliery another fireman was injured five months previously while inspecting with a naked light.
1900September3KinneilLinlithgowKinneil Cannel & Coking Coal Co LtdRobertArchibald56RoadsmanFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was engaged making repairs on a roadway when the roof fell upon him. Newspaper report - Lothian pages
1900September5CornsillochLanarkArchibald RussellRichardFarrell20Chain RunnerHaulage – on inclined or engine planesDeceased was employed as chain-runner at an inside haulage and had finished his shift and was on his way to the pit bottom. A rake of hutches drawn by engine power overtook him, and he got on to it and was crushed between the top of a water chest, which was on the rake, and the timber supporting the roof.  
1900September5NewmainsLanarkColtness Iron Co LtdJamesMurray24BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased and his father were engaged repairing a drawing road when a stone fell from the roof and crushed his neck against the end of an empty tub. Before he could be extricated he was suffocated.  
1900September8OakleyFifeOakley Collieries LtdAndrewCunningham29BottomerIn shafts – falling from part way downDeceased was bottomer at a mid-working, 11 fathoms above the bottom of the shaft. In putting the full hutch on to the cage at the mid-working the empty hutch was derailed while in the cage, and deceased was in the act of freeing it, when the cage was lifted and he fell to the shaft bottom. A full hutch had been allowed to run too far at the bottom level and had got into the cage seat, and the bottomer there, fearing that the cage might come down on it, signalled one to the engineman, who mistook this signal for one from the mid-working, although it was sounded on a different bell. In any case, the engineman should not have moved the cage from the mid-working until his indicator showed that the gate there was closed. Newspaper report - Fife pages
1900September10Boglesole No 4 PitLanarkJames Dunlop & Co LtdThos.Boyce13Stone PickerOn surface – on railways, sidings or tramwaysWhile climbing upon a waggon to get a ride home the locomotive started, and the jerk causing him to fall he was run over by the waggon wheels.  
1900September10KirkhillLanarkKirkhill Colliery CoRobertMcKenzie60MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof in working place.  
1900September11AllantonLanarkWilliam Barr & SonsMichaelHailly30Wagon TrimmerOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysWhile pinching forward an empty wagon he was crushed between it and one of two other wagons on the same line of rails which he had left behind him insufficiently secured.  
1900September11Neilston No 3 MineStirlingJames Wood LtdWm.Barrons44MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working place. The stone fell from between a “lipe” and a fault.  
1900September12Dalquharron-Drummochreen MineAyrJohn Campbell KennedyAlexr.Haggerty28DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof in working place.  
1900September12East Parkhead No 1 PitLanarkWilsons & Clyde Coal Co LtdPeterDuncan62MinerShaft accidents – whilst ascending or descending by machineryWhile descending the shaft, the engineman lost control of his engine, and the cage forcibly landed at the bottom. Injured on 12th September 1899, and died on 20th April 1900. Other 7 men were injured.  
1900September13Castlecary (Fireclay mine)DumbartonCastlecary Fireclay Co LtdMichaelGribbon29MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesHe lit the patent squib of a gunpowder shot, which appears to have gone off before he had time to escape.  
1900September13Tannochside No 2 PitLanarkArchd RussellJamesPatrick25MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesA blind pit was being put up from a lower seam to his working place. He was warned to retire while a shot of gelignite was about to be fired in the blind pit, but he returned before it went off. The shot blew through the intervening strata and struck him.  
1900September18Drumsmudden No 2 PitAyrDalmellington Iron Co LtdJamesRamage61Shaft repairerShaft accidents - falling from part way downWhile standing on a scaffold in the upcast shaft it gave way, and he fell to the bottom, 17 fathoms below.  
1900September21DaldowieLanarkGlasgow Coal Co LtdJamesTracey57MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working face where a coal cutting machine worked  
1900September23SeafieldLothian  JohnFairley      Death not listed in Inspectors report Thanks to Brian Mueller for supplying this date. Unfortunately our e-mail to Brian containing the newspaper report was undelivered Newspaper reports - Lothian accidents
1900September25NewbattleEdinburghLothian Coal Co LtdThomasPaxton24DookfooterHaulage – on inclined or engine planesA rake of empty tubs descending the dook left the rails, and those in front up-ended against the roof. When the rake was drawn up the front tub uncoupled and, falling into position on the rails, descended the dook at a high speed, and at a bench 80 yards down it crashed into some tubs there, on one of which deceased sat, and fatally injured him.  
1900September27SpringbankLanarkSpringbank Colliery Co LtdWilliam JohnHunter23BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was engaged putting a building in the rise side of a wall, and left to go to the roadhead for oil to replenish his lamp, and just as he reached the roadhead the roof fell upon him.  
1900October2Dumbreck No 2 PitStirlingWm Baird & Co LtdJamesClelland24BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof on horse road while redding a fall. Newspaper report
1900October3Broxburn (Oil shale)LinlithgowBroxburn Oil Co LtdWilliamMcLauchlan21MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideDeceased was working off some loose shale at the face of a five yard room in a 6 ft. seam, when about 14 cwts. of the shale came away unexpectedly from some lypes and struck him on the head, causing injuries which terminated fatally immediately afterwards. Newspaper report
1900October3Hattonrigg No 3 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdHughTierney55FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustWhile inspecting, evidently with a naked light, a close mine from which the air current had been cut off he ignited fire damp

From Main body of report: No fewer than three firemen lost their lives while making their inspection, previous to the commencement of the shift, with a naked light instead of with a safety lamp….. The third happened in Hattonrigg Colliery in a stone mine, rising 1 in 3, and in which the splint coal had just been reached. By an accident to the rhones used for conveying the ventilating current to the face of the mine the air had been cut off for 36 hours, and although the fireman could not fail to be aware of this, he went in with a naked light, and in consequence of his folly lost his life.
1900October4Heatheryknowe No 3 PitLanarkKirkwood Coal Co.RobertMitchell28MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal, owing to want of sprags Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1900October9Overwood (Sandstone)LanarkBaird & StevensonGeorgeWhitelaw69WatchmanMetalliferous minesDeceased appears to have been refilling a naphtha lamp from a barrel while the lamp was burning, and an ignition of naphtha took place, burning him about the legs. He died 13 days afterwards.  
1900October12Drumpeller No 4 PitLanarkJohn Horn & CoArchd.Miller21BottomerShaft accidents - falling from part way downWhile in the shaft screwing up the pump valve cover, the engineman raised the cage, which caught him and caused him to fall to the bottom, a distance of 55 fathoms. The prescribed code of signals was not used when the deceased and the overman ascended to the pump, but the cage was raised from the pump without a signal having been given.Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages [NB Also known as Archibald Kane]
1900October12MuiravonsideStirlingJames Nimmo & Co LtdMalcolmBaxter35MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased had just commenced to hole when the roof suddenly fell and crushed him beneath it. The "vees" of a small hitch had been exposed prior to the fall, and stone came away from it and a face break.  
1900October15Orbiston No 3 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdJamesMcCourt60MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of “pot bottom” from the roof at a working face. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900October23Portland No 4 PitAyrPortland Colliery CoHenryMorrison38MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideFall of coal, owing to the want of sprags  
1900October24Tannochside No 3 PitLanarkArchd RussellJosephClow19MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof from “brushing face”.  
1900October30GlencraigFifeWilsons & Clyde Coal Co LtdJamesBannigan36BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased and another workman were engaged putting in a building on dip side of a level when they heard the roof "working" as if about to fall, and both ran outbye, but he failed to get past a tub on the road, and was fatally crushed against it. The fall was calculated to weigh 40 tons. The roof broke right over the rise side "pillars." Newspaper report - Ballingry pages
1900October30LochgellyFifeLochgelly Iron & Coal Co LtdJohnAdamson50MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of SideThe seam lies at an angle of 45°, and to prevent the coal when worked off the face falling into the waste "batteries," consisting of props built against upright supports to roof, are erected. Deceased was engaged at this work when a piece of coal suddenly broke off the face over a sprag, and crushed him against the "battery." He subsequently died from the effects of his injuries.  
1900November5Whitehill No 1 PitAyrWm Baird & Co LtdRobertLaw45MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working face. Newspaper report
1900November7Hattonrigg No 4 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdGibson ReidLindsay24BricklayerShaft accidents – whilst ascending or descending by machineryWhile ascending in the kettle with other three men the kettle swung against a beam and he fell out. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900November8Climpy    AndrewStevenson    Not listed in Inspectors reportDeath not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Lanarkshire pages
1900November8Highhouse No 2 PitAyrWm Baird & Co LtdJohnRichmond20MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working face. Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages
1900November10KingseatFifeWallace BrothersAlex.Ferguson49BlacksmithIn shafts – whilst ascending or descending by machineryDeceased descended the shaft to the lower bottom and put shoes on some horses, and afterwards he and a roadsman came to the mid-working, 53 fathoms above, and also shod horses there. After an interval they came back to the shaft to be raised. The usual signal was given, and the roadsman stepped on to the cage, and deceased followed and shut the gate behind. When on the cage the roadsman asked if the gate was shut, to which deceased replied ''Almost," and the cage was raised; the roadsman heard a slight noise, and on turning round saw deceased disappear down the shaft. From the marks it was evident that deceased was caught at the door heads and carried up a distance of 10 ft., and there forced over a "bunten " at end of the shaft. It is probable deceased had put his head outside the cage to see if the gate was properly shut when he was caught.  
1900November16Orbiston No 3 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdHughHaley56MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof at working face. A prop which supported the stone which fell had been previously knocked out by his neighbour, because he (deceased) complained that it was in his way. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900November23Bothwell Park No 2 PitLanarkWm Baird & Co LtdJohnLeonard24MinerHaulage – by trams and tubsWhile travelling along a horse road he was crushed between the side and a "race" of hutches which he met.  
1900November24Gilmilnscroft No 4 PitAyrGauchalland Coal CoJamesMcEwan14DrawerExplosions of fire damp or coal dustHe entered a road adjoining his working place, and on climbing over a fall his naked light ignited fire damp. The fireman stated that he had been redding the fall a short time before the explosion. The deceased ought not to have gone into the road.  
1900November27Hattonrigg No 4 PitLanarkSummerlee and Mossend Iron and Steel Co LtdJamesConnor19Pit SinkerShaft accidents – overwindingHaving raised a “kettle” of debris to the surface and stopped it at the scaffold, the engineman, without reversing the lever, put on steam suddenly. The kettle was carried up to the pulley, and a coupling link giving way, it fell down the shaft in the bottom of which five men were working, and killed the deceased. This was the enginemans first shift at the pit. The engineman on duty the previous shift was beside him to see that he could work the engine properly. Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1900November28TranentHaddingtonJames Waldie & SonsThomasPorteous50MinerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was taking a five yard cut off the inbye end of a stoop in a 5 ft. seam. He had holed through on the old drift adjoining, and appeared to have been crawling up into it in order to ascertain how much coal he had still to take out, when a large stone fell upon his head and shoulders, killing him instantly. Newspaper report
1900November30Dechmont No 1 PitLanarkArchd RussellPatrickMilligan29BrusherExplosions of fire damp or coal dustExplosion of fire damp, ignited by the tape fuse of a shot of Kynoch gelignite. The charge was illegally inserted in a break caused by a previous shot. The shot firer and another brusher were injured

From Main body of report: The last of the fatal explosions was caused by the tape fuse of a shot of Kynoch gelignite being fired in a break caused by a previous shot, contrary to section 2 (a) of the Explosives in Coal Mines Order. The fuse ignited the firedamp which the shot-firer stated could not be detected before he lit the fuse. Gas had been reported in the place on several occasions within the preceding month.
Newspaper reports - Lanarkshire accidents
1900December3Stonelaw No 1 PitLanarkFarme Coal Co LtdWm.Dunsmore25BottomerShaft accidents - falling from part way downHe pushed a full hutch into the open shaft at a mid-working in a blind pit, and fell after it to the bottom. The cage was at the pit bottom, and he evidently thought it had been raised to the mid-working.  
1900December5GlencraigFifeWilsons & Clyde Coal Co LtdJohnMuir22DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofDeceased was proceeding outbye behind a loaded tub, and when about 35 ft. from the face the roof suddenly fell and completely buried him. The roof in falling carried the props and crowns with it.  
1900December6BenartyFifeFife Coal Co LtdRobertHarrower40Drawing contractorHaulage – by ropes or chains breakingDeceased emerged from a bench to shift the points on the main dook road as the rake left to ascend to the top, and a coupling breaking, four tubs ran back on him and he was crushed internally; his injuries proved fatal three days afterwards. The coupling was made of iron, and the broken link appeared to be defective.  
1900December6Cadder No 17 PitLanarkCarron CoJohnConnelly22reddsmanHaulage – on inclined or engine planesWhile turning a loaded hutch on the plates on a self-acting incline before clamping it to the rope, the hutch, owing to the block not being in position, got over the brow of the incline, carrying him in front of it.  
1900December7Sanquhar Colliery, Gateside PitDumfriesJ I McConnelThomasStewart29BrusherFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof on horse road while engaged in “brushing” it.  
1900December11Dumbreck No 2 PitStirlingWm Baird & Co LtdWm.Lindsay30DrawerFalls in Mines – Falls of RoofFall of roof on road while taking a full hutch down it. Newspaper reports - Stirlingshire accidents
1900December13BirkriggLanarkDarngavil Coal Co LtdThomasMcAllister29LabourerIn shafts – falling into shaft from surfaceDeceased's duty was to take hutches loaded with ashes from the boiler fires and place them on one of the cages running in the shaft at the surface level, in order that they might be raised to the level of pithead, where they were taken off the cage and emptied over the dirt bing. He either was under the impression that the cage was at the required point at surface level when this was not the case, or while placing a hutch to be ready allowed it to go too far ; at any rate, he fell into the shaft with a hutch.  
1900December13Monkland No 8 PitLanarkJames Dunlop & Co LtdGeorgeMitchell35BrusherMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesWhile carrying compressed gunpowder in his hand a spark from his naked light, illegally carried on his cap, caused it to explode.  
1900December15AvondaleLanarkJames Nimmo & Co LtdHughCairns34MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesDeceased was making up a shot, when an explosion occurred, inflicting injuries which caused his death next day. No one saw the accident, but from the position in which deceased was found, and other circumstances surrounding the place of accident, it is very probable he had tied two cartridges of gelignite together and was unduly pressing the detonator into one of them for the primer, when the whole exploded. Newspaper report - Dalserf pages
1900December20Cadder No 15 Pit (Ironstone Mine)LanarkCarron CoGeorgeWedlock32DrawerHaulage – by trams and tubsStruck by a rail lying in an empty hutch in a horse lye, the outgoing race of full hutches having caught the empty hutches owing to the lines of rails being too close to each other.  
1900December26LumphinnansFifeFife Coal Co LtdAndrewGraham30ShaftmanIn shafts – miscellaneousBy a mistake on the part of the bottomer signalling before the tubs were properly fixed, the cage was raised and firmly held at the door-heads 12 ft. up. Deceased and two other workmen were sent to release it ; a "slide" was cut and the guides of the cage wore loosened, and he and one of the others went under the cage to ease it, when it slipped away suddenly on to cage seat and he was fatally crushed beneath it: the other man escaped injury. The rope did not appear to be taut. Only one cage was in use. The engineman stated the brake was not sufficiently powerful to keep the loaded cage in position when near the pit bottom.  
1900December27Rosehall No 12 PitLanarkR Addie & Sons Collieries LtdLukeMartin70LabourerOn surface – miscellaneousA dross hopper in front of the boilers collapsed and fell upon him.  
1900December27Seafield (Oil shale)LinlithgowPumpherston Oil Co LtdJohnSanderson25MinerMiscellaneous underground – by explosivesDeceased had lighted a holing shot with white taped fuse which had evidently hung fire. He appeared to have returned to the place within 30 minutes, and to have been within three feet of the shot, when it exploded, killing him instantly.  
1900December28RossLanarkThomas Barr's TrusteesWilliamMurphy56FiremanExplosions of fire damp or coal dustDeceased was making his second visit of inspection, as usual with an open light, when he ignited some gas and caused an explosion. He examined the same place six hours before with a safety lamp, and found all clear; in the interval, the roof had broken up to the Pyotshaw coal, and gas was liberated. Gas was seen at the heading face, some distance above the place of ignition, eight days before, during a storm, when the barometer was exceptionally low.

From Main body of report: At Ross Colliery a fireman had made his first inspection with a safety lamp and found all clear, and was proceeding with his second inspection using a naked light, when some gas which appears to have collected in the interval was ignited by his open light.
1900December29BentLanarkBent Colliery Co LtdJamesMuir22haulagemanOn surface – railways, sidings or tramwaysDeceased coupled together two wagons while they were moving, and in coming from between them appears to have stumbled, and was run over.  


Last Updated 9th September 2012