Notes - The information in this page is mainly compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries - William Alexander for the Western District of Scotland and Ralph Moore for the Eastern District of Scotland. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background
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|Year||Month||Day||Name of Colliery||Where situated||Owners name||Person(s) killed||Occupation||Age||Category (if given)||Cause of death and remarks|
|1878||January||14||Cowdenbeath||Beath, FIF||Cowdenbeath Coal Co.||Alex. Black||Truck greaser||75||Miscellaneous on surface||Run over by wagons|
|1878||January||17||Dalzell||Dalzell, LKS||J McAndrew & Co||William Gatenbier||Collier||15||Falls of sides||At stooping while holing. Insufficient sprags|
|1878||January||21||Donibristle||Aberdour, FIF||Grieve & Nasmyth||William Muir||Collier||17||Falls of Roof||At face while filling a tub (coal roof). Stoop and room|
|1878||January||21||Muiredge||Wemyss, FIF||Bowman & Co||Alex. Brown||Collier||27||Falls of sides||At face while passing in front. Long wall|
|1878||January||23||Dunnikier||Kirkcaldy, FIF||Walter Herd||James Knight||Collier||41||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall||Newspaper report|
|1878||January||26||Drumpeller, No 4||Coatbridge, LKS||Henderson & Dimmack||Patrick Griffen||Collier||25||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||January||31||Braehead, No 6||Lugar||Eglinton Iron Co||John Carlin||Collier||50||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||January||31||Lanemark, No 1||N Cumnock||Lanemark Coal Co||Alex. McStephney||Collier||19||Miscellaneous Underground||Run over by hutch upon an incline|
|1878||February||11||Bankhead||Sanquhar||Misses Whigham||Archd. Crichton||Collier||29||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof||Newspaper report - Dumfriesshire pages|
|1878||February||20||Blantyre||Blantyre, LKS||Wm Dixon Ltd||Patrick Ragan||Brusher||33||Falls of Roof||At face of brushing. Long wall|
|1878||February||21||Southfield||Lesmahagow, LKS||Nitshill & Lesmahagow Coal Co.||Gavin Hamilton||Wagoner||--||Miscellaneous on surface||Squeezed between a wagon and pit-bank wall|
|1878||February||26||Bogleshole, No 4||Tollcross||James Dunlop & Co||Andrew Jamieson||Collier||53||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||February||28||Dalharco No 2||Dalmellington||Dalmellington Iron Co||Alex. M. Cracken||Collier||45||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||March||4||Whiterigg||New Monkland, LKS||Wm Black & sons||Henry Parks||Sinker||--||In shafts miscellaneous||Giving way while putting in barring|
|1878||March||5||Bathville||Bathgate, Linlithgow||James Wood||John Brown||Joiner||73||Miscellaneous on surface||Crushed between 2 wagons while attempting to cross the line|
|1878||March||5||Blantyre||Blantyre, LKS||Wm Dixon Ltd||Thos Murdoch||Collier||50||In shafts- overwinding||From Main body of report: Six men were killed by one accident. An engineman took the cage, upon which they were ascending, up to the pulley. He appears to have shut off the steam and so far decreased the speed, for the rope did not break, and the cage, although broken, remained attached to it. The six men, however, had either jumped off or slid off the cage, and fell to the bottom. One man remained on, and was removed uninjured. The engineman was tried at the Glasgow Assizes for neglect of duty, but a verdict of " not proven " was returned.|
|1878||March||6||Bogside||Kilwinning||Eg. Iron Co||William Burns||Collier||35||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||March||6||Caprington, No 31||Kilmarnock||W. S. Cunningham||Adam Sawyers||Collier||41||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||March||8||Barrwood, No 2 pit||Kilsyth||Wm Baird & Co||James Wardrope||Collier||52||Explosions of fire-damp||By fire in shaft and explosion of fire damp||See Main Site|
|James Wardrope jun||Collier||16|
|David Fleming||Engine boy||17|
|Walter Cowan||Incline man||32|
|1878||March||13||Drumclair||Slamannan, STI||James Nimmo & Co||William Baxter||Brusher||36||Falls of Roof||At face while taking down loose brushing. Long wall|
|1878||March||16||Langbyres||Shotts, LKS||Barr & Higgins||Alex. Keith||Collier||21||Falls of Roof||While brushing 2 feet from face. Long wall|
|1878||March||18||Auchinharvie, No 5||Saltcoats||M Cunningham||John Finlay||Brusher||51||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||March||19||Dykehead||Hamilton, LKS||Summerlee Iron Co||John Chapel||Collier||24||In shafts miscellaneous||Crushed by descending cage while attempting to cross the bottom. There was a road by the side||Newspaper report - Hamilton pages|
|1878||March||20||Drumshangie||New Monkland, LKS||Dumshangie Coal Co||Andrew Burns||Collier||--||Falls of Roof||At face. Stoop and room|
|1878||March||26||Longlee||Dalserf, LKS||Lesmahagow & Longlee Coal Co||Thomas Creggan||Collier||22||Falls of sides||At stooping while holing. Insufficient sprags|
|1878||March||30||Niddrie||Liberton, Edinburgh||Benhar Coal Co Ltd||William Currie||Stone miner||35||Sundries underground||Struck by stones from a shot which exploded while he was stemming it|
|1878||April||10||Springside, No 10||Dreghorn||A Kenneth & Sons||Robert Hay||Collier||26||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||April||12||Lathallan||Kilconquhar, FIF||Thos Brown & Sons||Alex. Nicholson||Collier||50||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||April||12||Netherjohnstone||Dalzell, LKS||Glasgow Iron Co||Thos. McConnuskie||Roadsman||30||In shafts falling from part way down||Fell down a blind pit while he and others were lifting water from it with windlass and kettles|
|1878||April||20||Cadzow||Hamilton, LKS||Cadzow Coal Co Ltd||Thos Gilmour||Drawer||20||By tubs and trams||Crushed between loaded tubs and centre prop on a double road while snibbling the tubs|
|1878||April||23||Boghead||Bathgate, Linlithgow||James Russell & Sons||Francis Bonar||Collier||15||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||April||23||Galston Colliery||Galston||J Horne & Sons||Hugh Richmond||Pony driver||16||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||April||25||Craigneuk||Dalzell, LKS||Merry & Cunningham||Henry Harris||Sinker||40||In shafts things falling from part way down||Struck by a piece of wood which formed part of, and fell from, a movable scaffold at splint coal|
|1878||May||1||Knockterra||Cumnock||Eg. Iron Co||Patrick Cairns||Hillman||21||Above Ground||Was run over by a waggon he was in the act of shifting|
|1878||May||6||Bellsdyke||New Monkland, LKS||Bellsdyke Coal Co||John McWilliams||Bottomer||68||In shafts miscellaneous||Crushed by cage. Mistake of signals|
|1878||May||10||Salsburgh||Shotts, LKS||Coltness Iron Co.||John McMeekin||Miner||43||In Ironstone mines||Fall of roof (sandstone) at face. Long wall|
|1878||May||17||Bent||Hamilton, LKS||Bent Colliery Co Ltd||Andrew Russell||Roadsman||--||Falls of Roof||On main road while repairing it. Stoop and room|
|1878||May||24||Auchenraith||Blantyre, LKS||Merry & Cunningham||John Mellon||Collier||44||Falls of sides||At face while holing in a 12 feet room. Want of sprags|
|1878||May||24||Spitallhill No 2||Cambuslang||Clyde Coal Co Ltd||Richard Shannon||Labourer||38||Above Ground||By a crane getting unexpectedly into motion|
|1878||June||3||Fence||Lesmahagow, LKS||Nitshill & Lesmahagow Coal Co.||Hector Coulter||Brusher||--||Sundries underground||While unramming a shot which had missed fire it exploded|
|1878||June||3||Leven||Wemyss, FIF||Fife Coal Co Ltd||John Johnstone||Sinker||--||In shafts things falling from part way down||Knocked off the scaffold by bucket door falling while fixing it. Sinking pit.|
|1878||June||6||Hallhill||Baillieston||Springhill Coal Co||William Guthrie||Collier||37||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||June||7||Roughrigg||New Monkland, LKS||Robert Forrester||Robert Carson||Collier||37||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||June||10||Loudon, No 1||Galston||Eg. Iron Co||Robt Wilson||Pony driver||14||Miscellaneous Underground||Had fallen before a train of loaded hutches which he was in charge of|
|1878||June||13||Braidholm||Lesmahagow, LKS||Nitshill & Lesmahagow Coal Co.||Robert Yuill||Brusher||50||Falls of sides||In a road while drilling a hole to blast it. Long wall|
|1878||June||17||Ayr Colliery||Ayr||J T Gordon||John Kerr||Collier||20||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||June||19||Garrion Gill||Cambusnethan, LKS||Coltness Iron Co.||Thos McQueen||Surfaceman||63||By machinery on surface||Crushed by a pulley which he was oiling while in motion|
|1878||June||22||Pollok Colliery||Pollokshaws||John Wilson||James Whitehill||Fireman||43||Explosions of fire-damp||Explosion of fire damp. Injured on 10th, died on 22nd|
From Main body of report: Happened to a fireman who, at the time of the accident, it is understood, was examining the mine before allowing the workmen to enter to their work, when he exploded a small quantity of firedamp which had collected in a part of the air-course a little above the ordinary level of the roof. The amount of firedamp was trifling, and the injuries which caused death 12 days after were at the time not considered serious. It was stated that this was the first time firedamp had been discovered in the mine, and that at the time of the explosion the deceased was making his examination with an open light.
|1878||June||25||Caprington, No 37||Kilmarnock||W. S. Cunningham||John Miller||Roadsman||74||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof while engaged securing it|
|1878||June||25||Garrion Gill||Cambusnethan, LKS||Coltness Iron Co.||Hugh Aird||Pit-head man||33||Miscellaneous on surface||Crushed between 2 wagons while shifting them at the screens. Died 9th October|
|1878||June||28||Blackstone No 1||Cumnock||Eg. Iron Co||John Hughes||Miner||34||In ironstone/fire clay mines||Fall of roof|
|1878||July||2||Dalzell||Dalzell, LKS||John McAndrew & Co||George Smith||Bottomer||45||In shafts things falling from part way down||Struck by a piece of coal from ascending cage|
|1878||July||2||Wilsontown||Carnwarth, LKS||Gavin Paul||William Brown||Collier||28||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||July||6||Bishopbriggs No 8||Bishopbriggs||W S Dixon||Hugh McVey||Miner||23||In ironstone/fire clay mines||Fall of roof|
|1878||July||6||Drumlemble, Kilkeevan Pit||Campbelton||Argyle Coal & Cannel Co||Neil Smith||Collier||--||Miscellaneous Underground||Inundation from an old abandoned working|
From Main body of report: The pit at which the irruption took place is 27 fathoms deep, and was suddenly filled to within 12 fathoms of the surface. The old workings, from which the water flowed, are of considerable extent, but have been abandoned for upwards of 50 years. Referring to plan which exhibits the workings of two seams of coal, the first six-feet seam lies at 18 fathoms from the surface, and the lower or nine-feet seam, at 27 fathoms. At the time of the accident the working was confined to the lower seam. The depth of surface overlying the stratified rocks, lying not far above the sea level, averages 54 feet, of which 40 is principally composed of sand. Several dislocations traverse this part of the coalfield, and the fracture, or ''veise'' is generally found filled with sand. In mining up to these fractures, or barring them, there is frequently a partial discharge of water, which is looked upon as quite an ordinary, occurrence. In May last the place marked x on plan, when extended to the dislocation a a, relieved some pent-up water, to check which supports were immediately put to the roof, and a rough darn constructed, backed by a loose building. This had the desired effect of shutting off the water, and the place was supposed to be left in a secure state. Nothing further was done until the 5th of July, when the .manager had occasion to be in or to pass near to the mine x, when he discovered water and sand passing from the front of the dam. On observing this, precautionary measures were taken, which were completed before night. No further discharge was observed up to the time of the disaster, which happened on the afternoon of the following day, 6th, when the water which lay in the six feet seam found its way into the mine x by the "veise" of the dislocation a a. The pressure of the water, probably equal to 100 feet or thereby, forced away the , obstruction at X , and made an opening down the veise of the dislocation 25 feet and 4' X 10', in which it must have rushed with considerable force. The bottomer, who was employed at the bottom, was so suddenly overtaken that he did not escape, and two of the miners, working at B, the dipmost part of the mine were, I presume, instantly closed in, their bodies being afterwards found near to their working-place. Fortunately the work was nearly over for the day, and five workman, engaged at different parts of the mine escaped by the" blind " pit.
The appliances for pumping, the water and unwatering the mine were kept in constant operation, but the bottom was not reached until the 2nd of September when the body of the bottomer was found, and nearly four weeks elapsed before the bodies of the others were reached. The works were conducted or guided by an old plan, which is now found to be in error at least 46 fathoms, or rather the workings have been extended 46 fathoms beyond the limit shown upon the plan.
The existence of water in the old workings was well known, but it was equally well known that it lay from 25 to 30 feet above the seam being worked. Since the accident a mine has been driven to prove the actual position of the old waste. This is a very unusual accident, the displacement of at least 25 feet of material, 4' x 10', more or less consolidated, and could only have happened under special conditions. The salutary provisions contained in section 42 of the statute, which provided that plans of abandoned mines shall be be lodged with the Secretary of State within three months after the abandonment will in future tend to prevent such misfortunes.
|Newspaper report - Other areas|
|1878||July||9||Bankend||Lesmahagow, LKS||Monkland Iron & Coal Co Ltd||John Carruthers||Sinker||17||In Ironstone mines||Suffocated by choke damp. They were sinking a windlass pit which had only reached 40 feet from the surface. One fell when he reached the bottom|
|Andrew Carruthers||Sinker||21||In Ironstone mines|
|1878||July||15||Gauchalland No 4||Galston||Gauchalland Coal Co||John Roxburgh||Collier||28||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||July||15||Lanemark, No 1||N Cumnock||Lanemark Coal Co||James Ferguson||Collier||41||Miscellaneous Underground||Whilst blasting|
|1878||July||15||Standhill, Limestone Mine||Bathgate, Linlithgow||James Russell & Sons||A Haslin||Miner||--||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof at face.|
|1878||July||17||Drumpark||Baillieston||Drumpark Coal Co||Henry Laughlan||Collier||24||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||July||20||Wester Gartshore||Kirkintilloch||J & A Wallace||Robert Gray||Sinker||23||Explosions of fire-damp||Explosion of fire damp.|
From Main body of report: Happened at a shaft in the act of being sunk as an outlet for one adjoining. No 1, the first, reached the "main" coal at a depth of 54 fathoms. The workings in it are yet of a preparatory kind, the principal one being a mine driven towards and under the shaft No. 3 in the act of being sunk, and which eventually will form the course of communication between them. At the time of the accident the sinking pit had reached 37 fathoms from the surface. It appears that at a depth of 16 fathoms a bore-hole was: put down to the mine in the main coal off No. 1 pit, for the purpose of drawing the water off No. 3, and to the bottom of No. 1, where arrangements were made for pumping it. In prosecuting the sinking of No. 3 pit, feeders of firedamp were opened about 30 fathoms from the surface. These feeders have continued to give off gas, more or less, from the time they were first opened. Firedamp also escaped by the bore-hole referred to, if at any time it got choked or the water did not run off freely.
The ventilation was maintained in the ordinary way by a midwall,which at the time of the accident reached to within 22 feet of the bottom of the shaft, and a current of air, beyond the natural ventilation, was produced by the occasional use of a jet of steam placed in the upcast division about seven fathoms from the surface. It appears that from the 8th of July the night shift of men worked with safety lamps, but during the day the workmen could carry on their operations without the aid of lamps.
Blasting operations were carried on without lights, and the shots were fired by applying heated iron rods to the fuse or match. Dynamite was the explosive in use at the time of the accident.
The work was carried on by three shifts of men in the 24 hours, and five men were engaged on each shift. On the day of the accident, 20th July, the afternoon shift commenced at two o'clock, and up to the time of the accident, about six p.m., they had prepared six bore-holes and were making preparations to blast. Two of their number had gone to the surface and by arrangement sent down in the return kettle two hot irons to be used for igniting the fuse attached to each shot. The kettle was lowered properly, and the usual signal was afterwards given from below that they were ready to blast. The engineman acknowledged the signal, and in a few seconds after an explosion took place, which cleared out the midwall in the shaft, and carried away part of the pit-head frame and other woodwork near to the mouth of the pit. The displacement of the midwall, part of which kept the "barring'' in its place, was followed in less than two hours after by the surface forcing in the "barring," and a mass of earth, &c., probably from 3,000 to 4,000 cubic feet, fell down the shaft, completing the wreck and thoroughly shutting off all communication. As explained, previous to the accident the water passed from the sinking shaft by the bore-hole, but after the accident the bore-hole was closed and machinery had to be erected to pump it. To do this and secure the shaft occupied a considerable time.
After access was got to the bottom and the bodies recovered, it was found that of the shot-holes, six in number, which were prepared, three had been exploded, two had been ignited at the fuse, not exploded, and one remained entire, the fuse still showing that it had not been lighted.
This unfortunate occurrence appears to have been occasioned by a small accumulation of gas near the bottom of the shaft; and, as it is understood there were no lights in it at the time, the direct cause of explosion is limited either to the ignition of the fuse or the flame from the blast. There is good reason for supposing that none of the shots were exploded till after the accident, therefore the assumption is that the ignition of the fuse caused the explosion of firedamp. I do not suppose that the gas existed in an explosive state from the bottom up, but rather that a little firedamp passing off at the bore-hole was ignited by a fuse, the flame from which extended to the feeders about five fathoms up.
By general rule No. 8 of the statute after inflammable gas has been found, and for three months after by sub-section 1, it is provided that "A competent person who shall be appointed for the purpose shall, immediately before firing the shot, examine the place where it is to be used, and the places contiguous thereto, and shall not allow the shot to be fired unless he finds it safe to do so, and a shot shall not be fired except by or under the direction of a competent person who shall be appointed for that purpose."
The precautions provided by this important regulation do not appear to have been observed fully in this case.
|Newspaper Report - Dunbartonshire accidents|
|1878||July||23||Garriongill||Cambusnethan, LKS||Coltness Iron Co.||Daniel Scott||Driver||17||Falls of Roof||On drawing road. He knocked out some gears with his empty tub while taking it down a brae. Stoop and room|
|1878||July||25||Leadhills, Lead mine||Leadhills, LKS||Leadhills Silver Lead Mining and Smelting Co||John Moffat||Sinker||42||Fell down shaft. He attempted to step off a ladder into the kettle to ascend, and missed his footing|
|1878||July||25||Lumphinnans||Ballingry, FIF||Lumphinnans Iron Co||James Hannah||Brusher||38||Falls of Roof||While clearing the road-head of brushing|
|1878||August||5||Britton Pit||Coatbridge, LKS||W S Dixon||Andrew Anderson||Pumper||60||In Shafts||By being drawn to the pit-head pulleys from which he leapt and fell into pit|
From Main body of report: Happened when 3 workmen were about to be lowered to their work. After going on to the cage in the usual way, it appears that instead of being lowered they were raised to the pulleys, when in some way the cage was stopped, either by the engineman discovering his mistake and checking it, or by the resistance of the crossbars on which the pulleys rested. The deceased, who, I understand, was more alarmed than his companions, on finding the cage being raised, leapt off it on to the plates at the pit mouth, from which he fell into the shaft, and was killed; but those who were with him remained on the cage, and ultimately succeeded in getting off safely. The engineman was charged by the Procurator Fiscal with culpable neglect of duty, was tried by the Sheriff Substitute in Airdrie and a jury, found guilty, and fined twenty pounds, failing payment, imprisonment.
|1878||August||5||Hill||Dalserf, LKS||James Smith & Son||Thomas Walker||Collier||--||Falls of Roof||While drawing props from a stoop which was worked off|
|1878||August||5||Millburn||Dalserf, LKS||N Cochrane & Co||John McKee||Collier||17||Falls of sides||At face while holing after the coal was shorn. Stoop and room|
|1878||August||6||Souterhouse||Coatbridge, LKS||Pettigrew & Spencer||Kennedy Moffat||Stoker||15||Above Ground||Was run over by a full waggon while interfering improperly with it|
|1878||August||15||Gauchalland No 4||Galston||Gauchalland Coal Co||John McGhee||Collier||50||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||August||19||East Benhar||Whitburn, Linlithgow||Benhar Coal Co Ltd||Margaret Gray||Pit-head runner||18||Miscellaneous on surface||Crushed by cage. She was examining the struts, unknown to the engineman when the cage came down upon her head|
|1878||August||22||Gilmilnscroft||Auchinleck||Gilmour, Wood & Anderson||James Baxter||Collier||50||Explosions of fire-damp||Explosion of fire damp.|
From Main body of report: Occasioned by the deceased entering, inadvertently, a part of the mine not at the time in course of working or extension, and igniting some firedamp which had collected in it. The injuries he received were thought to be slight, but he died from the effects a few days after.
The Procurator Fiscal charged the fireman in this case with failing to observe the 4th general rule, the observance of which was binding upon him by special rule No. 38. The .case was tried before the Sheriff' Substitute in Ayr, when the charge was found not proven.
|1878||August||22||Hawhill||Baillieston||Pettigrew & Spencer||Alex. Robertson||Bottomer||62||In Shafts||By the cage being lifted unexpectedly||Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages|
|1878||August||26||Stepends||Shotts, LKS||Summerlee Iron Co||John Quails||Sinker||33||In Ironstone mines||Struck by a plank falling down shaft in a sinking pit|
|1878||August||30||Greenfield||Hamilton, LKS||Hamilton Coal Co.||John Greenhorn||Bogie-rider||18||On inclined planes||Fell off bogie and was run over by tubs|
|1878||September||4||Bonnyton, No 6||Kilmarnock||John Gilmour & Co||Andrew Guthrie||Bottomer||44||In Shafts||Fell down the shaft|
From Main body of report: Occurred at a mid-working, the victim being a bottomer, who at the time was engaged pushing a hutch of coals towards the shaft, for the purpose of putting it on the cage ; in some way he failed to observe that the cage was not in its place to receive it, and the consequence was that the hutch fell down the shaft, he falling with it, a distance of 12 fathoms. There was a door close to the side of the shaft, which the deceased required to open before he could get to the cage, and in opening it he ought to have seen whether the cage was in its place before pushing the hutch forward. This apparently he neglected to do.
Certain simple contrivances have been introduced for the prevention of such accidents, the most effective of which when closed acts as a scaffold, and when open as a fence.
|1878||September||5||Lochgelly||Auchterderran, FIF||Lochgelly Iron & Coal Co||Daniel Hunter||Collier||--||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||September||5||Magazine, Limestone Mine||Pathhead, Edinburgh||Wm Turnbull & Co||Wm. Bain||Miner||--||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of rock|
|1878||September||6||Souterhouse No 2||Coatbridge, LKS||Pettigrew & Spencer||Wm. McAlinden||Collier||22||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||September||7||Corby Craigs No 2||Dalmellington||Dalmellington Iron Co||John Malone||Sinker||33||In ironstone/fire clay mines||Fell from scaffold which was knocked out from under him by a buntin whilst being drawn up the shaft|
From Main body of report: Happened to a sinker whilst engaged upon a scaffold about eight fathoms from the bottom of the shaft, through gross mismanagement, in attempting to ungear a crane whilst in motion.
|1878||September||9||Lochgelly||Auchterderran, FIF||Lochgelly Iron & Coal Co||David Westwater||Collier||51||Falls of Roof||On incline at junction of his road. Long wall|
|1878||September||14||Ferniegare||Hamilton, LKS||Archd. Russell||James Hamilton||Collier||62||Falls of sides||At face while relieving the coal after a shot. Stoop and room|
|1878||September||19||Farme||Rutherglen||James Fairrie||David Anderson||Collier||52||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||September||26||North Motherwell||Dalzell, LKS||Merry & Cunningham||John Sanachen||Collier||--||Falls of sides||At stooping while filling his hutch a stone from the waste side fell off upon him|
|1878||October||2||Stevenston||Bothwell, LKS||Lesmahagow & Longlee Coal Co||David Anderson||Collier||20||Falls of Roof||At stooping while holing.|
|1878||October||5||Auchlochan||Lesmahagow, LKS||Colin Dunlop & Co||William Brown||Coupler||13||In shafts whilst ascending or descending by machinery||Fell out of cage while ascending shaft|
|1878||October||7||Haughhead||Hamilton, LKS||John Macdonald||Charles Hawkins||Collier||35||Falls of Roof||At stooping while pinching off a piece of coal|
|1878||October||11||Lassodie||Beath, FIF||Lassodie Coal Co||Robert Bower||Brusher||32||Falls of Roof||At face of brushing|
|1878||October||12||Greenhead||Cambusnethan, LKS||Coltness Iron Co.||William Brown||Collier||39||Falls of Roof||At stooping while drawing props from a stoop which was worked away|
|1878||October||12||Maidenbank||Muirkirk||Eg. Iron Co||Robt. McCall||Collier||39||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||October||14||Hattonrigg||Bothwell, LKS||Mossend Iron Co||William Sneddon||Stone miner||--||Sundries underground||Men were working at both sides of a faults and had all but effected a communication. A shot from the opposite side blew through and the stones struck him|
|1878||October||25||Allanton||Hamilton, LKS||Austine & Co||Thomas Parker||Collier||--||Falls of sides||At stooping while taking away his loaded tub of coal|
|1878||November||1||East Plean||Bannockburn||Paterson & Thomson||Thos. Morrison||Assistant pit head man||21||Above Ground||Crushed by grinding machinery|
|1878||November||6||Over Dalserf||Dalserf, LKS||Wm Barr and Sons||John Dollan||Collier||40||Falls of Roof||At stooping while drawing props from a lift which was worked off|
|1878||November||7||Burnbank & Ladyton||Galston||Boyd Gilmour & Co||Allen Roxburgh||Collier||17||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||November||9||Wellshot||Cambuslang||Dunn Brothers||Lawson Crichton||Collier||50||In Shafts||Was struck by a crane rope falling down the shaft|
|1878||November||13||Niddrie||Liberton, Edinburgh||Benhar Coal Co Ltd||James Brown||Collier||35||Sundries underground||Buried in old waste. The seam lies at an angle of 80 degrees. He had holed into an old working and while stepping on some loose rubbish in it, it slipped away from him|
|1878||November||15||Auldhouseburn||Muirkirk||J C Simpson||John Gemmell||Collier||40||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||November||19||Kelty||Beath, FIF||Fife Coal Co Ltd||Eben. Forrester||Brusher||39||Falls of Roof||On incline while rebrushing it. Long wall||Newspaper report - Beath pages|
|1878||November||20||Flemington No 1||Cambuslang||Flemington Coal Co||Matthew Robertson||Collier||35||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||November||21||Eastfield||Cambuslang||T G Buchanan||Robert Tennant||Collier||63||Miscellaneous Underground||Whilst blasting|
|1878||November||23||Jellieston No 2||Dalmellington||Dalmellington Iron Co||Robert Burges||Collier||63||Miscellaneous Underground||Run over by hutch upon an incline|
|1878||November||27||Penicuik||Penicuik, Edinburgh||Shotts Iron Co||James Fairgrieve||Miner||--||In Ironstone mines||Fall of ironstone at face. Long wall|
|1878||December||2||Haughhead||Hamilton, LKS||John Macdonald||John McIvor||Blacksmith||57||In shafts things falling from surface||Struck by a stone or coal while stepping on to the cage. Died 13th December||Newspaper report - Hamilton pages|
|1878||December||4||Clippins||Paisley||Clippins Oil Co||William Dodds||runner||22||In ironstone/fire clay mines||Fell from a scaffold to the surface|
|1878||December||6||Govan No 6||Glasgow||W S Dixon||Francis Fox||Brusher||43||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||December||6||Maidenbank||Muirkirk||Eg. Iron Co||Thomas Baird||Collier||40||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of roof|
|1878||December||9||Dunsyston||Shotts, LKS||Summerlee Iron Co||James Nelson||Miner||46||In Ironstone mines||Struck by a splinter of ironstone flying off face.|
|1878||December||16||Bellfield No 1||Hurlford||Bellfield Colliery Co||James McNeil||pitheadman||33||In Shafts||By cage holding in the shaft and afterwards falling away||Newspaper Report|
NB Name should be McMail. Son James aged 11 also killed
|1878||December||18||Cleland||Bothwell, LKS||Wm Dixon Ltd||John Boyle||Labourer||50||In shafts falling into shaft from surface||Fell down shaft with a loaded hutch. He had opened the gate but failed to see that the gate was not there||Newspaper report- Bothwell pages|
|1878||December||24||Drumpeller, No 5||Coatbridge, LKS||Drumpellar Coal Co||John Ferries||Collier||25||Fall of Roof & Sides||Fall of coal|
|1878||December||24||Drumshangie||New Monkland, LKS||Drumshangie Coal Co||Robt. Swan||Collier||27||Falls of Roof||At face. Long wall|
|1878||December||26||Lodge||Slamannan, STI||John Watson||Jas Anderson||Collier||45||In shafts miscellaneous||Crushed by cage. He recklessly attempted to pass with a hutch across the cage after he signal had been made to lift it|
|1878||December||27||Muirhouse No 2||Beith||M Cunningham||Jas. McKendrick||Drawer||12||In ironstone/fire clay mines||By hutches|
|1878||December||30||Clydesdale||Cambusnethan, LKS||Archd. Russell||Robert Gillon||Oversman||--||Explosion of Firedamp||From Main body of report: There was one fatal explosion of fire-damp, which caused the death of two persons, an overman and a fireman. These two men had gone into a part of the workings, which had been standing for twelve months, to measure some rails, and had taken both safety lamps and naked lights with them. They were longer away than was expected, and the attention of the other overman was directed to the matter. He got assistance, went in, and found them both lying dead. There had been a slight explosion of gas within 50 yards of the face. It is difficult to conceive anything more stupid than the conduct of these men, who were not common workmen, but officials, in going into a disused working and using open lights.||Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1878||December||31||Balquhatstone||Slamannan, STI||John Watson||William Renton||screenman||19||Miscellaneous on surface||Crushed between wagons at the screens|