Scottish Mining Website

1874 Fatal Accidents

Notes - The information in this page is mainly compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries - William Alexander for the Western District of Scotland and Robert Williams for the Eastern District of Scotland. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background

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Information from Appendix to Inspectors Report
Extra Information
YearMonthDayName of CollieryWhere situatedOwners namePerson(s) killedOccupationAgeCategory (if given)Cause of death and remarks
1874January8Millburn  Thomas Kyle   Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report - Dalserf pages
1874January9Heathery KnoweBailliestonBroom & BrownlieGeorge DavidDrawer22In ShaftsFell from a midworking (from splint to Kiltongue coal)

From Main body of report: The shaft where this accident happened is 77 fathoms deep. There are four distinct workings at different levels; three of them are known as mid workings, and are situated as follows :-The first at 22 fathoms from the surface, the second at 35 fathoms, and the third at 65 fathoms. The deceased was a drawer, and worked in the second working, at 35 fathoms from the surface. By the 14th General Rule of the Mines Regulation Act it is provided that "The top and all entrances between the top and bottom of every working or pumping shaft shall be properly fenced, but this shall not be taken to forbid the temporary removal of the fence for the purpose of repairs or other operations if proper precautions are used." And by the special rules of the colliery " the bottomer shall attend during the working shifts in the mine to regulate the number of men who shall ascend on the cage at a time, to keep order among the drawers arriving with loaded hutches at the pit bottom, to see that the loaded hutches are carefully placed on the cage, " &c. It appears that a fence, as provided for by the 14th General Rule, had been constructed at the second working, but was out of use for some weeks before the accident. From some cause the regular bottomer was absent on the morning of the accident, and when the deceased, who was a drawer, approached the pit with a loaded hutch, he unwittingly pushed it into the shaft, and fell to the bottom with it, a distance of 42 fathoms.

A neighbouring drawer, who was following close after him, also pushed his hutch into the shaft, and made a narrow escape in not falling down with it.
If the pit had been fenced, as it ought to have been in terms of the 14th General Rule, the accident would have been prevented ; or if the bottomer had been present, as provided for by the 42nd Special Rule, in all probability this unfortunate occurrence would not have taken place.
The manager and oversman were charged by the Procurator Fiscal with culpable homicide, or culpable violation or neglect of duty, at the Spring Circuit Court, Glasgow. The oversman was found not guilty, and in consequence of the result of his trial the case against the manager was not proceeded with.
NB The accused were William Forsyth, married, age 51, manager, Heathery Knowe colliery, address: Heatheryknowe (native of St Ninians parish, Stirlingshire) & John Ramsay, married, age: 42, fireman and oversman, Kiltongue pit, Heatheryknowe colliery, address Old Monkland (native of Carmyle). Ramsay was tried at High Court, Glasgow, 27 Apr 1874 - source NAS catalogue
Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1874January12GlenboigNew Monkland, LKSGlenboig Fire-Clay CoRobt. LockhartMiner--In fire-clay minesFall of roof 
1874January14Eglinton CollieryKilwinningArchd. KennethJames LawsonOversman59In ShaftsFell down the shaft. Occasioned by the cage which was out of the guides displacing two guide rods which fell upon him 
1874January19Rosehall No 10Coatbridge, LKSRobert Addie & SonsAlexander MaceCollier48Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof at face.

From Main body of report: Reference is made to this accident principally on account of the unusual severity of it.

The deceased, three in number, were engaged in their usual working place, Longwall working, and not more than nine feet distant from each other, when a large mass of freestone fell suddenly upon them, and they were crushed under it. It does not appear that the roof had shown any decided symptom of weakness, or was otherwise known to be defective, and I understand that the oversman passed under where the roof fell about five minutes before the accident. I doubt if, practically speaking, anyone could have foreseen danger. The break extended 15 feet along the face, and backwards into the waste. There was a complete fracture, and there were none of the usual "backs" or "rents" which are so often traceable as the direct cause of such accidents.
Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
Robert MaceCollier18
Peter DuffyCollier40
1874January28Britton PitCoatbridge, LKSW S DixonJohn FitzpatrickCollier27Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874January31Grougar No 4HurlfordEglinton Iron CoWilliam ScobbieCollier18Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof near his working face 
1874January31LinridgeShotts, LKSRobt. ForresterAndrew KerrCollier26Falls of RoofAt “stoops”. Seam 9 feet thick 
1874February2Wellwood No 1MuirkirkEglinton Iron CoWalter CampbellCollier41Miscellaneous undergroundWas injured whilst putting a hutch onto the rails 
1874February10AuchlochanLesmahagow, LKSColin Dunlop & CoAlex. WaddellBottomer--In Ironstone minesCrushed by cage coming down on him.Newspaper report
1874February13NetherjohnstoneDalziel, LKSGlasgow Iron CoThos. HendersonCollier18Falls of RoofIn waste (stoop and room)Newspaper report
1874February14Gartshore, No 5KilsythWm Baird & CoDavid BrownBottomer28In ShaftsWas raised without a signal while engaged on the cage

From Main body of report: The deceased was the responsible bottomer, and one of his duties was to communicate the signals to the engineman at the pithead when men or materials required to be raised.

I understand that on the day of the accident a hutch containing propwood was lowered on the cage, and the deceased had gone on to it for the purpose of handing off the wood. According to the explanation given by his assistants, he was in the act of handing out the second "tree" when the cage was suddenly raised. He had the presence of mind to call to them to make a signal, which they did, but to no purpose, for the engineman continued to raise the cage a distance of 150 fathoms, and landed it at the pithead. The deceased sustained severe injuries from contact with the shaft or otherwise, and died from the effects of them a few hours after.
According to the special rules of the colliery the engineman was bound to observe the signals made from the pit bottom, and raise or lower the cage accordingly. It appears, however, that he raised the cage on which the deceased was engaged at the time contrary to special rule 20, and disregarded rule 21, which provides for arresting a cage in motion. He was charged by the public prosecutor with culpable homicide, and pled guilty, and was sentenced to 30 days imprisonment.
1874February16SwinhillDalserf, LKSMillar & RodgerJohn MorrisonCollier27Falls of RoofAt face (stoop and room) 
1874February17Glenlogan No 2CumnockEglinton Iron CoJames HallRoadsman19Falls of roof and sidesFall of coal while examining the working faces 
1874February18BathvilleBathgate, LinlithgowJohn Watson & SonsJohn LynnCollier27Falls of CoalAt face (Long wall) 
1874February18GreenheadCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.Edward LockhartCollier30Falls of RoofAt face (stoop and room)Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874February20BogHamilton, LKSHamilton, McCulloch & CoWilliam BarrLabourer62Miscellaneous on surfaceJammed by wagons at screens 
1874February20LongriggSlamannan, STIJames Nimmo & CoPeter HigginsBottomer50Miscellaneous in shaftCrushed by cage coming down on him. He crossed the shaft instead of taking the proper road by end of it 
1874February27Ironstone pit, Blantyre  Bernard Roy   Death not listed in Inspectors report (natural causes) Newspaper report - Blantyre pages
1874March2BlantyreBlantyre, LKSWm Dixon LtdJohn KerrBrusher25Explosion of FiredampThese men descended 10 minutes before to work at a new furnace within 20 yards of the shaft. No one else was in the seam. Being experienced men they were permitted to examine the place themselves, and neglected to do so with a safety lamp.Newspaper report - Blantyre pages
Hugh PollockBrusher50
1874March3Westfield of CapeldraeBallingry, FIFWestfield of Capeldrae Oil Co LtdAndrew HuttonMiner20In Oil Shale MinesFall of shale at face (Long wall) 
1874March5Govan No 5GlasgowW S DixonHugh ConnolBrusher28Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof while engaged securing it 
1874March5London No 1GalstonEglinton Iron CoHugh DykesCollier26Falls of roof and sidesFall of coal at face while undermining it 
1874March6Braehead No 1Coatbridge, LKSDunn BrothersJames FrewRoadsman19In ShaftsJammed between the cage and “doorhead”

From Main body of report: It appears that on the morning of the accident a drawer whilst engaged putting a full hutch upon the cage, had in some way allowed it to get off the rails, and it was jammed against one of the arms of the cage. The deceased who was near the pit bottom at the time, in rendering assistance, had occasion to go on to the cage, and it was while he was in that situation that the cage was suddenly lifted. The hutch being partly on the cage, fell back, and when clear of the cage fell to the bottom of the pit. The deceased, however, got caught between the cage and the shaft, and was drawn up perhaps two fathoms, and afterwards fell down into the cage seat. The bottomer and others who were standing close by observing what was going on, state without hesitation that no signal was made, and under the circumstances it would certainly have been an extraordinary proceeding to have made one. On the other hand, two of the persons engaged at the pithead stated that a distinct signal was made before the engineman raised the cage.

Proceedings were taken against the engineman who was charged with culpable homicide ; the trial was fixed to take place at the Autumn Circuit Court, Glasgow, but in consequence of the absence of the principal witness the case was not proceeded with.
1874March9ShieldsDalziel, LKSJohn McAndrew & CoJames HamiltonRoadsman36Explosion of FiredampHe and the fireman were repairing brattice. Gas had collected while the brattice was down, and it came upon their naked lights. They ought to have had safety lampsNewspaper report
1874March12MaryvilleBothwell, LKSJohn HendrieMark McGoffCollier--Falls of RoofAt face (stoop and room)Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1874March13Palace Craig, No 6Airdrie, LKSWm Baird & CoHugh McDollBrusher63Falls of roof and sidesFall of roofNewspaper report - New Monklands
1874March17BathvilleBathgate, LinlithgowJohn Watson & SonsJohn LonganCollier20Falls of CoalAt face (Long wall) 
1874March17East GreengarisNew Monkland, LKSJohn RankineEdward HughesCollier48Falls of RoofAt face (Long wall) 
1874March18DarngavilNew Monkland, LKSPatrick RankineJohn GallocharBrusher33Falls of RoofIn road whilst drawing a prop from a stone which he intended to take down (Long wall)Newspaper report - New Monklands
1874  GaviesideWest Calder, EdinburghWest Calder Oil Co LtdJohn SpenceMiner30In Oil Shale MinesFall of shale at face (Long wall)[Died March 21 - date not given in report]
1874March23FordellDalgety, FIFGWM HendersonAlex McAndrewBottomer23Things falling from surfaceStruck by a coal falling down shaft 
1874March27BraidhurstDalziel, LKSGavin, Addie, & SonHenry SmithFireman48Explosion of FiredampClearing out a travelling road. Some gas had lodged “at a fall” within 20 feet of where they were working, and it came out on their naked lightsNewspaper report [?Newspaper gives name as Henry Mullen
1874March30GarallanCumnockJas EagleshamJas DunsmuirRoadsman64Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874March30StonelawRutherglenJ& R ReidJas CliffordBottomer42In ShaftsOverwinding

From Main body of report: It appears that some time before the accident liberty had been granted by the manager to a young man to learn to work the engine, with the restriction, however, that he was not to be allowed to raise or lower men in the shaft. The deceased was the bottomer, and on the day of the accident, at midday, he signalled to the surface to be raised.

The engineman was not in the engine-house at the time, but Hutchison, the person referred to as learning to work the engine, who had been winding coals for an hour before, in raising the cage overwound it, and the deceased was thrown out and fatally injured. As explained by Hutchison "I cannot say how it happened, I got confused, and lost control of the machinery. I have drawn men frequently before, but on such occasions the engineman was alongside of me"
The engineman and Hutchison were charged by the Procurator Fiscal at the Autumn Circuit Court, Glasgow, with culpable homicide or culpable neglect of duty, but after a number of witnesses were examined the case was withdrawn.
1874March31Over DalserfDalserf, LKSWm Barr and SonsAndrew ReidCollier--Falls of CoalAt “stoops”Newspaper report - Dalserf pages
1874April4AuchlochanLesmahagow, LKSColin Dunlop & CoDavid KerrLabourer59Falling into shaft from surfaceRun a hutch into the pit at the low scaffold when the cage was not there. Gate standing open. 
1874April6LegbrannockBothwell, LKSSimpson Wilson & CoJames CraigCollier39Falls of RoofAt face (Long wall) 
1874April9GreenfieldHamilton, LKSHamilton Coal Co.John MillarEngineman34Boilers burstingThis and other 5 boilers were 10 years old, egg-ended, 30 feet long by 5 ½ feet diameter

From Main body of report: There was one fatal boiler explosion at Greenfield Colliery. The boiler was one of a range of five, which had been working for ten years. It was egg-ended, 30 feet long, 5 feet diameter, and the plates were 7/8ths of an inch thick. It burst into three pieces ; the central part flattened out, and the two ends kept their shape. One of the ends, about 20 feet long, was blown a distance of 150 yards, tore off the roof's of five workmen's houses, and finally landed on and fell through the roof of a school-room where about 30 persons were assembled. Three children were killed and several persons injured. One of the enginemen was killed, his name appears in the " list." I had the assistance of Lawrence Hill Esq., in investigating this accident. We did not detect that the boiler had been short of water; it seemed to us that it had leaked about the water line, was a good deal corroded, and thoroughly worn out. At our suggestion the owners took out the whole range, and replaced them by double flued boilers.

It is satisfactory to find that in most of the new fittings double flued boilers are used, which are capable of being safely worked at 50 to 60lbs. on the square inch.

Newpaper reports - Greenfield page

1874April10ShawfieldCarluke, LKSJohn WilsonJames FellCollier19Falls of RoofAt face (stoop and room)Newspaper report
1874April11Bothwell ParkBothwell, LKSWm Baird & CoJames FlimSinker--Things falling from part way downFall of stone from shaft side (Sinking pit)Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1874April15Kenmuir No 2TollcrossJames Dunlop & CoDanl. KeanWaggon shifter36Above groundCrushed between waggons 
1874May4Linnwood No2JohnstoneJames Dunlop & CoDavid GrayEngineman18In Ironstone minesBy getting entangled with the machinery 
1874May6Hill of BeathBeath, FIFOrd AdamsDuncan MorganDrawer27Falls of RoofAt face while waiting of a hutch being filled (Long wall) Newspaper report - Beath pages
1874May13AikenheadGlasgowGeo CrookstoneSam BerkleyBrusher20Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874May13FauldhouseWhitburn, LinlithgowWm Dixon LtdWilliam MillarDriver14Miscellaneous on surfaceRun over by wagons close to the pit, while going from his work 
1874May15BredisholmBothwell, LKSProvanhall Coal CoRobt. RussellEngineman40By machinery on surfaceThe “fan” engine also drove a grindstone 
1874May27GreenheadCambusnethan, LKSTrustees of late Robt. BrandJohn MaxwellCollier44Falls of CoalAt “stoops”Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874May30BlantyreBlantyre, LKSWm Dixon LtdJohn MorrisonBrusher33Falling from part way downFell from the Ell Coal, about 30 fathoms. He was removing temporary buntons when one of them overbalanced him. He might have had it secured by a rope.Newspaper report - Blantyre pages
1874June3ArnistonCockpen, EdinburghArniston Coal Co. LtdDavid BrownBrusher35Falls of RoofIn a road which he was “brushing” 
1874June12Common, No 2LugarEglinton Iron CoWm McDonaldMiner53In Ironstone minesFall of roof at face. 
1874June13KinneilBo'ness, LinlithgowGeorge Wilson & CoWilliam PatersonTruckman34On inclined planesFell off truck coming up an incline Newspaper report - Lothians pages
1874June15CambusnethanCambusnethan, LKSD & I SneddonHugh LaveryWagon shifter35Miscellaneous on surfaceJammed by wagons at screens 
1874June18PhoenixCoatbridge, LKSJohn SpencerMich. CorcoranCollier26Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof at face. 
1874June19Blair No 2DalryEglinton Iron CoThos McMalleyMiner36In Ironstone minesFall of roof at face. 
1874June19GreenhallBlantyre, LKSColin Dunlop & CoRobt. PaxtonSinker35In Ironstone minesKnocked off a “needle” by the sinking kettle. It had caught in the shaft and then fell on himNewspaper report - Blantyre pages
1874June20StonecraigsCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.Thomas BrownBottomer52Miscellaneous on surfaceWhile disloading a wagon the door fell upon himNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874June20Prince of WalesStevenstonM CunninghamWilliam Kelly-----15Miscellaneous undergroundRun over by tubs 
1874June20SpringhillBailliestonSpringhill Coal CoPat RodgerSinker35In ShaftsBreakage of winding rope 
1874June25CanonbieCanonbieDuke of BuccleuchWm DicksonDrawer26Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874June26ArnistonCockpen, EdinburghArniston Coal Co. LtdThomas FlockhartCollier22Falls of CoalAt face while “holing” (Long wall) 
1874June30AshgillDalserf, LKSAndrew SpencerJohn FindlaysonFireman43Explosion of FiredampExplosion of firedamp which ignited while they were putting in brattice with naked lights instead of safety lampsNewspaper report - Dalserf pages
Andrew ForrestEngineman22
1874July1EspiesideCoatbridge, LKSWm Baird & CoJohn GillespieCollier25Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
Wm Forsythe26
1874July10AllantonHamilton, LKSAustine & CoPat McFadyenCollier20Falls of RoofAt face (stoop and room) 
1874July13BredisholmBothwell, LKSProvanhall Coal CoStephen GemmellFireman--Explosion of FiredampA small quantity of firedamp had gathered in a bratticed place standing “up stoop” and he went in amongst it with his naked light when examining the place. He ought to have used a safety lamp. 
1874July16LongleeDalserf, LKSLesmahagow & Longlee Coal CoGeorge SmithBottomer35Miscellaneous in shaftCrushed by cage against “door heads”. It was supposed he was about to cross the cage seat instead of going round the edge of the pit where there was a passageNewspaper report - Dalserf pages
1874July21Barkip No 10DalryMerry & CunninghamJohn ConnolleySinker43In Ironstone minesFell down the shaft while engaged lifting a scaffold 
1874July21StravenhouseCarluke, LKSJames ThorntonJohn CullenCollier60Sundries undergroundThe coal from a “shot” fell upon him before he was clearNewspaper report
1874July23Barkip No 7DalryMerry & CunninghamJames MillerDrawer15In Ironstone minesFall of roof 
1874July23ShieldmuirDalziel, LKSSummerlee Iron CoJames PatrickRoadsman50Falls of RoofAt “stoops” while assisting to draw timberNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874July28Glenlogan No 11LugarEglinton Iron CoMattw PatrickMiner46In Ironstone minesFall of roof 
1874July31Burnfoot, No 11DalmellingtonDalmellington Iron CoRobt. StevensonBoy13In Ironstone minesFall of ironstone 
1874August5BalmullochKilsythBrown & RennieCrawford FlemingCollier22Miscellaneous undergroundInjured by an explosion of gunpowder 25th July 
1874August10BellsdykeNew Monkland, LKSBellsdyke Coal CoDavid SpeedyCollier30Falls of CoalAt face (Long wall) 
1874August12RochsollochNew Monkland, LKSGeo. Cowie & SonHector McAllisterRoadsman--Miscellaneous in shaftHe was standing under the cage and it came down on him. The engineman mistook his signal to stop it 
1874August14DrumpellerCoatbridge, LKSSummerlee Iron CoWm JenkinsCollier35Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1874August18Burnt BroomTollcrossDunn BrothersJas. CalwhoolaCollier55Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874August20KnownobleShotts, LKSJames DickWilliam HolmsBottomer35Falling from part way downFell from a mid-working with a loaded hutch. He neglected to shut the gateNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874August20SundrumAyrJ T GordonWm NevilleCollier45Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874August25TannochsideBothwell, LKSMonkland Iron & Coal Co LtdMichael DeoineDrawer15Sundries undergroundIn coming down a brae in front of a loaded hutch his head caught a crowntree 
1874August27BarrwoodKilsythWm Baird & CoAlex PatrickBottomer53Explosions of fire-dampExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
Took place at a pit lately sunk, 146 fathoms deep. It is known as one of the most fiery pits in the district. The work being performed at the time was of a preparatory nature, and principally confined to forming a connection with a shaft to the " rise." There were only three places in the course of extension, and the fireman in making his examination in the morning had discovered an unusual accumulation of gas in one of them. The workmen were prevented from going to their work; and it was about midday, while exertions were being made to dislodge the gas, that it is supposed to have been ignited at the pit bottom. The bottomer who was the sufferer, and reported to be a careful man, was alone at the bottom of the pit at the time; his lamp, a gauze one, was I understand, found entire after the accident, and the question is, whether the gas ignited at his lamp or at an open light. The overman and fireman were in the pit at the time, in the neighbourhood of the accumulation, but the effects of the explosion were entirely confined to the shaft and pit-bottom.
1874August28KippbyreNew Monkland, LKSJames Nimmo & CoWilliam PatersonCollier22Falls of RoofAt face (Long wall) 
1874September7Burnt BroomMount VernonDunn BrothersJas DonnellyFireman47Explosions of fire-dampExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
Happened at a new working, also in the act of being opened out. The fireman was alone, and was at the time of the accident making his examination. It is conjectured that he was using an open or unprotected light when the explosion took place.
1874September7Hillhead No 7KilmarnockJ & M CraigRobert WalkerCollier16Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874September9HarthillWhitburn, LinlithgowColtness Iron Co.John JohnstonBrusher33In Ironstone minesFiring of a shot. He failed to get away from itNewspaper report
1874September12ShankstonCumnockEglinton Iron CoMatthew WeirContractor33In Ironstone minesWhile engaged in making alterations, a beam and a wallplate fell upon themNewspaper Report
Michael HughesLabourer40
1874September17BalquatstoneSlamannan, STIJohn WatsonRobert ForbesJoiner35Miscellaneous on surfaceJammed between the buffers of two wagons while shifting them by hand 
1874September21HurlfordHurlfordJohn HowieJas MitchellCollier27Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof at face. 
1874September23Twechar No 1KilsythWm Baird & CoWm AitkenOversman33In Ironstone minesFell down the shaft while engaged putting the cage into the guidesNewspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1874September28Caledonian Fire Clay WorksPaisleySpeirs, Gibb & YoungRobert NewtonOversman50In fire-clay minesFall of roof while engaged taking it down 
1874September29DunnikierKirkcaldy, FIFWalter HerdJohn McLeishSinker40Suffocation by gasesFell out of the kettle while ascending a sinking pit 8 fathoms deep. He was overpowered with choke damp. No mid-wall in.

From Main body of report: One man was suffocated by choke damp in a sinking pit. It was only 8 fathoms deep, and was worked with a windlass. There was no mid-wall in it. Some choke damp was found in the bottom of the previous shift; deceased was not aware of this, and when he descended next morning he was overcome with it. His companions at once raised him, but he fell off the rope before reaching the surface. Water was thrown down, and the bad air displaced, but before assistance reached him he was dead. It was found that no examination of the place had been made before he commenced work, and you authorised a prosecution of the manager for breach of the 1st and 3rd General Rules, which resulted in his being fined £5 for each offence.
Fife accidents
1874October2BrowniesideNew Monkland, LKS-----A PettigrewCollier--Falls of RoofAt face (Long wall) 
1874October4DrumpellerCoatbridge, LKSHenderson & DimmackJohn MitchellCollier30Explosions of fire-dampInjured by an explosion of fire damp 14th August

From Main body of report:
Occasioned by a workman going in to a place, not at the time being worked, by creeping over a fall of roof, where a small quantity of gas had accumulated. He ignited it and was burned, and though it was considered not dangerously, he died from the effects about six weeks after
1874October6BallochnieNew Monkland, LKSJohn Robertson & SonMurdoch McNabCollier57Falls of CoalAt face (stoop and room)Newspaper report - New Monklands
1874October12HillDalserf, LKSJas Smith & sonsPeter LeesDrawer18Falling from part way downFell from a mid-working Was crossing on cage buntons 
1874October12South ArnlossSlamannan, STIJames WattAndrew BaxterBrusher--Falls of RoofWhile widening a road (Long wall)Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1874October15FauldhouseWhitburn, LinlithgowWm Dixon LtdHugh FerrieMiner26In Ironstone minesFall of roof at face (Long wall) 
1874October18Douglas No 3JohnstoneMerry & CunninghamFrancis MaldounBoy15In Oil Shale MinesWas caught by the cage at the pit bottom 
1874October20GarnkirkGarnkirkGarnkirk Fire clay CoHugh GordonBottomer30In fire-clay minesA piece of clay fell from a hutch while being raised and struck him at the pit bottom 
1874October22Craigston No 4LugarEglinton Iron CoJames OatesMiner29In Ironstone minesFall of roof 
1874October24CuttlehillDunfermline, FIFHenderson, Wallace & CoThos. CunninghameFireman50Falls of RoofA loose stone fell, which he and another were endeavouring to take down (Long wall) 
1874October26Lanemark No 2N CumnockLanemark Coal CoRobert Rosswaggon shifter19Above groundCrushed between the buffers of two waggons 
1874October31DrumchapelMaryhillMerry & CunninghamHenry MurphyCollier37Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof at face. 
1874November3GreenfieldHamilton, LKSHamilton Coal Co.Owen O'HareLabourer40Miscellaneous on surfaceFive wagons ran away from the man who was braking them down to the screens, and coming in contact with the one on which deceased was standing, he fell off and was run over.Newspaper report - Hamilton pages
1874November4FoulshillsWhitburn, LinlithgowRobt. HendersonJohn McKenzieEngineman42By machinery on surfaceCrushed by a bell crank, which he carelessly sat too near while steadying a crane rope during repairs 
1874November14CallendarFalkirk, STICallendar Coal CoWm DalglieshLabourer55Falling into shaft from surfaceHe ran a hutch into the pit when the cage was not there, and the gate standing open 
1874November28Hill of BeathBeath, FIFOrd AdamsJohn Morris MuirDriver17Falls of RoofBy hutches getting off the rails and knocking out props (Long wall) Newspaper report - Beath pages
1874December1NiddrieLiberton, EdinburghNiddrie Coal Co LtdDavid AndersonCollier19Falls of CoalAt “stoops” (Edge coal workings) 
1874December2StonecraigsCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.John ShawCollier21Falls of CoalAt “stoops”. Head coal fell while filling a hutchNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1874December2WestburneCambuslangRobert ForresterJoseph RobertsonSinker23In ShaftsWas caught between the midwall and kettle when being raised in the shaftNewspaper report
1874December3LawCarluke, LKSJohn WilsonHenry RadcliffeContractor for “stooping”27Falls of RoofAt “stoops” while drawing props 
1874December5AuldtonDalserf, LKSAndrew SpencerDavid WilsonCollier50Falls of CoalAt “stoops” 
1874December7BartonholmKilwinningEglinton Iron CoAlexander CupplesCollier16Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874December7BenharShotts, LKSBenhar Coal Co LtdGeorge MartinBrusher26Falling into shaft from surfaceHe came up the shaft with an unwell man at 12.30am and on returning about 10 minutes afterwards he walked into the shaft. Apparently the man expected the cage would be waiting where he left it. Gate standing openNewspaper report
1874December11AshyardGalstonJames EagleshamJohn GrayCollier--Falls of roof and sidesFall of coal and roof 
1874December12ChalmerstonDalmellingtonDalmellington Iron CoJohn TurnbullCollier43Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874December12HardcroftDalryMerry & CunninghamJas JohnstoneBottomer56In Ironstone minesDied from the effects of injuries received in November by the cage crushing him at the pit bottom 
1874December12MilnwoodBothwell, LKSJohn ChristieJames McLuckieDriver14By trams & tubsFell in front of a “race” of hutches, one of which rested on him 
1874December17SanquharSanquharMisses WhighamJohn DargavelCollier32Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof Newspaper report - Dumfriesshire pages
1874December21BaljaffrayNew KilpatrickJames Young & SonsAndrew McSherryCollier20Falls of roof and sidesFall of roof 
1874December22BrunstanePenicuik, EdinburghSir Geo. Clerk, Bart.James WatsonCollier46Falls of CoalWhile straightening a road (Long wall) 
1874December30SouterhouseCoatbridge, LKSPettigrew & SpencerJohn SophirSinker50In ShaftsFell from the kettle while being lowered

From Main body of report: The pit was originally sunk to the position of the Blackband ironstone, but has been abandoned for a number of years. The present lessees have of late re-opened the shaft, and at present they are extending it to the "under seams " of coal. The shaft was fitted up with guide rods as far as the position of the ironstone, but not beyond it. Since sinking has been resumed, the kettle is guided between the guides by a skeleton cage, which works into the guides much in the same way as a cage, but below the guides (the shaft is now extended four fathoms under them) the kettle is suspended in the usual way. In practice, when the kettle is raised from the bottom to within fifteen feet or thereby of the skeleton, a muzzle or projection upon the rope catches the skeleton and raises it between the guides to the pit mouth. In this way the kettle is kept steady and clear of the guides, and when it requires to be returned, the skeleton resting on the muzzle or projection upon the rope, is lowered to the bottom of the guides, where it rests, and the rope working through an opening in the skeleton is lowered as required.

I understand that the deceased, who was contractor for sinking the shaft, had on the night of the accident, in company with one of the workmen, been raised to the surface. The frost at the time was very severe, and in consequence of the falling water (in the shaft) ice collected at different parts of the shaft. This was known to all.
The accident happened while the deceased and his companion were being lowered, and was occasioned by the skeleton from some cause catching, and afterwards falling away upon them, before the kettle had passed below the bottom of the guides. The projection upon the rope did not altogether stop the descent of the skeleton, and the deceased, who was standing upon the kettle, was struck by it, and fell to the bottom, a distance of twelve fathoms or thereby.
Apparently sufficient precaution had not been taken to clear away the ice from the sides of the shaft or the guides. I am of opinion that it was an accumulation of ice upon the guides which checked the skeleton and was the direct cause of accident.

Last Updated 18th May 2012