Scottish Mining Website

1873 Deaths listed in Mine Inspectors Report
This table is compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries - William Alexander for the Western District of Scotland and Ralph Moore for the Eastern District of Scotland. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background
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Year MonthDayName of CollieryWhere situatedOwners namePerson(s) killedOccupationAgeCategory (if given)Cause of death and remarksExtra Information
1873January10CromletNew Monkland, LKSThomas JacksonHugh RichardsonCollier30Falls of RoofFall of roof while repairing the drawing road 
1873January14TigethaughDennyWm Baird & CoJoseph Quin Miner--In Ironstone mines- Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roofNewspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1873January20AddiewellWest Calder, EdinburghYoungs Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Co LtdJohn MilesLabourer52In Shale minesJammed between two wagons 
1873January23CowdenbeathBeath, FIFCowdenbeath Coal Co.Robt. CrightonJoiner--Miscellaneous on surfaceCrushed by an engine-beam. He was about to do some work to a window, and forgot the beam was in motion Newspaper report - Beath pages
1873January31LodgeSlamannan, STIJohn WatsonChas. MelvilleBottomer--Falling from part way downHe fell from a mid-working (splint coal) to the bottom a distance of 14 ½ fathoms 
1873February4ThrashbushBothwell, LKSThrashbush Coal CoJ Bernard TollCollier--Falls of RoofFall of roof at “stoops” 
1873February6LinridgeNew Monkland, LKSForrester & RobsonJohn CowanCollier19Falls of CoalFall of coal at faceNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1873February7Kenmure No 2TollcrossJames Dunlop & CoJames MoodieCollier18MiscellaneousInundation of water from an adjoining pit

From Main body of report: The first is of a sad and painful nature ; it was occasioned by an inundation of water, and created a great deal of excitement at the time of its occurrence. The scene of this disaster, Kenmure No. 2 pit, situated near Glasgow, is 75 fathoms deep, and the workings in "Main" and Ell Coal," about 7 fathoms apart, were separated by a barrier of coal from an abandoned mine, No. 1, situated to the "rise," lying full of water. The situation of the "waste" was well known, and upwards of a year before the accident it was tapped in the Ell Coal seam at A on plan. The water was not run off, but preparations were in course for the purpose of withdrawing it to an adjoining shaft at a lower level, No. 1 pit Bogleshole, where suitable arrangements were made for pumping it. The deceased, Archd. McBeth, and his companion, James Moodie, were engaged forming a continuous course for the water from the main coal to the splint, and this was to be accomplished by means of two large bore holes near to each other, one of which was completed at S. The deceased were about 110 fathoms distant from the shaft, and the first indication of danger was discovered at the completed bore hole, by the parties on the opposite side, who were working at or near the lower end of it. They felt an unusual rush of air through the bore hole, and called M'Beth's attention to it, who, with Moodie, apparently lost no time in rushing to the pit bottom; but the water had unquestionably reached that point before them, and as there was little or no "standage" there, it would rise rapidly. The engineman heard four distinct signals given a little after the time the accident must have happened, and after making the return signal twice, without receiving the usual ascent signal one, he lifted the cage, which was empty. Though some account for the signals being made by the water and stones falling from the "Ell Coal" upon the handle of the signal hammer, I think there can be no doubt that the deceased reached the pit bottom, and that the signal four was made by them in desperation, and no doubt meant first three, and then one to raise the cage. The water which of course came from the "Ell Coal" would rush down the shaft with tremendous force, and the slight delay in raising the cage appears to have cut off their last chance of escape. It is true the cross-cut mine from the Main to the Ell Coal, M. M., would have led them to the outlet, but I think it is very likely they would remain as long as possible at the pit bottom trusting to being raised, and before they thought of the cross-cut, the water would be so high as to prevent their escape by it, and, if so, they had no chance after the water rose in the pit bottom but to retreat to the "rise" in the Main Coal as the water rose in the workings. There is evidence that they advanced to the "rise" part of the works to which the water did not reach, and afterwards returned as the water subsided, and from the place the bodies were found, at F, a point to which the water could not have abated in less than 14 days after the accident, there is undoubted proof that they lived for 14 days or more. They were found lying together, with one of their jackets partly covering both of them, and my belief is, that after enduring for at least 14 days the pangs of hunger, and the bitter anguish of despairing hope, they at last succumbed to the vitiated air of the mine. A melancholy interest is attached to one of the flasks found beside the bodies, such as underground workmen use for carrying tea. I did not see it, but I understand that the following, supposed to have been written in darkness with a nail or pin, was intelligible, and must have been written by M'Beth, his companion being unmarried : “My dear wife, long after you and all other people thought we were dead I had great hopes of seeing you. I bid you farewell, hoping God will comfort and take care of you and them.” (Meaning the children.) In this case the management was misled by the plan of the No. 1 pit, which did not truly represent the extent of the workings. [
See Fig]
Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
Archd McBethCollier30
1873February15Chalmerston No 3DalmellingtonDalmellington Iron CoJohn WilsonCollier19Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof 
1873February15Jelliston No 2DalmellingtonDalmellington Iron CoPat PindergrassPony driver40 MiscellaneousFell before hutches and was found under them 
1873February18Cliftonhall No 2CoatdykeCliftonhall Coal CoPeter RobertsonBencher at top of plane14 MiscellaneousWas run over by two hutches upon the incline 
1873February20HaysideKilmarnockJames Oastler & CoWilliam TympanyDrawer42In ShaftsBy falling from a mid-working. 10 fathoms

From Main body of report: At this mine, Hayside, two seams of coal are worked, the "main" and "splint," the former being situated ten fathoms above the latter. The deceased was a "drawer" or "putter," and was employed in the upper seam. It appears that on the day of the accident he went with a loaded hutch to the pit, but unfortunately in the absence of the cage he pushed it into the open shaft, and fell to the bottom with it, a distance of ten fathoms. There was no bottomer to direct the drawers, but each placed his own hutch upon the cage, and made the required signals. By the 14th General Rule of the statute it was the duty of the owners to provide a fence at the midworking in the Main Coal seam, so as to prevent drawers and others from passing inadvertently into the shaft, but this they failed to do. They were charged with a contravention of the 14th General Rule, the case was tried by Sheriff Anderson in the Court-house, Kilmarnock, they were found guilty, fined in £2 10s, each, with the alternative of suffering ten days' imprisonment.
Newspaper Report
1873February20SpringwellsNew Monkland, LKSDundas SimpsonWm SewcingBottomer--Miscellaneous on surfaceFell from scaffold at pit top on to the rails. The place is now fenced all around 
1873February23Starryshaw    Thomas McInnes    Not listed in report Death not listed in Inspectors reportShotts pages - newspaper report
1873February24Dykehead    James Reid McGuire    Not listed in report Death not listed in Inspectors reportDeath certificate only - with thanks to Janice Bryans for this information
1873February27DykeheadHamilton, LKSSummerlee Iron CoGardner BellRoadsman--Falls of RoofFall of roof. A prop was knocked out accidentally by a tub he was drawingNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1873February28CalderheadShotts, LKSShotts Iron CoPeter SmithRoadsman--Falls of RoofFall of roof[Actually Robert Smith - with thanks to Janice Bryans for this information] Shotts pages - newspaper report
1873March1Gartshore, No 1KilsythWm Baird & CoJohn McNaughtFireman--In Ironstone mines - In ShaftsWas fatally injured while changing a bucket 
1873March4Ayr (Gadgirth)AyrGeo Taylor & CoEdw. W. CrorieCollier40Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face. 
1873March4Overtown StationCambusnethan, LKSJames WaddellRichard HodgeCollier--On inclined planesJammed by a train of loaded hutches 
1873March6KinneilBo'ness, LinlithgowGeorge Wilson & CoJohn BowCollier38Falls of RoofFall of roof in the drawing road Newspaper report - Lothians pages
1873March10BenharShotts, LKSRobert Addie & SonsRobt. SalisburghMiner--In Ironstone minesFall of stone from roof at face Newspaper report - New Monklands
1873March11Bartonholm No 3KilwinningEglinton Iron CoHugh McGowanPit-head man46In ShaftsFell into the shaft while putting wood upon the cage 
1873March13Drumpeller, No 4Coatbridge, LKSHenderson & DimmackJohn ScullionCollier56Falls of Coal & RoofFall of coal Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1873March14CoalheughglenDalryMerry & CunninghamThomas McIvorMiner--In Ironstone mines - In ShaftsCrane got out of gear and he was precipitated to the bottom of the shaft 
1873March22NeilstonKilsythJames Wallace & CoWm. HamiltonAsst. fireman22ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
The first took place in a part of a mine which from some cause had become untravellable ; the ventilation was weak, and firedamp had collected in it. The deceased, for the purpose of making some temporary alterations with the view of improving the ventilation, attempted to go in to it without a light, but unfortunately ventured beyond the limit of safety, and before he could be extricated had succumbed to the noxious gases with which the place was filled.
1873April3HuttonhillDalziel, LKSScott & LivingstoneAlex AdamsCollier--Falling from part way downHe fell from a mid-working (ell coal) with a hutch to the bottom, a depth of 14 fathoms. The place is now fenced 
1873April5Stonelaw, No 1RutherglenJ R ReidJames SimpsonDrawer14Falls of Coal & RoofFall of stone on drawing road 
1873April8ShieldmuirDalziel, LKSSummerlee Iron CoRobt. KilpatrickCollier--Falls of RoofFall of roof at the face. The stone came with the coal which he was bringing down 
1873April12AuldtonDalserf, LKSAndrew SpencerJames KerrCollier--Falls of CoalFall of coal at the “stoops” 
1873April13CambusnethanCambusnethan, LKSD & J SneddonJohn Gibb-------Falling from part way downFell from the ell coal, 8 fathoms to the bottom, while repairing the shaft 
1873April15Auchintrarvie No 3SaltcoatsKenneth & WhitefieldRobt. McTadzeanBoy14Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face. 
1873April21CambuslangCambuslangArchd. RussellRichd. McGinnRedsman--Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof 
1873April21Gartnavel, No 7MaryhillRobert Addie & SonsJames ToddDrawer--In Ironstone minesFell with a hutch down an ironstone bing 
1873April22ShieldmuirDalziel, LKSGlasgow Iron CoJohn Smith-----35Falls of RoofHe was drawing props in the main coal seam when one sprang out and struck him on the breastNewspaper report
1873April29AllantonHamilton, LKSAustine & CoAnd. MeikleHutch runner50Miscellaneous on surfaceFell from scaffold at the “lift” for bringing coals when the cage was downNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1873May3CambuslangCambuslangArchd. RussellJohn MellayCollier--MiscellaneousFell from a train of loaded hutches 
1873May13ThankertonBothwell, LKSMonkland Iron & Coal Co LtdJames GrayBoy--Miscellaneous on surfaceBy wagons passing over him while thoughtlessly creeping through beneath them 
1873May14Lanemark, No 1N CumnockLanemark Coal CoAndrew RaeCollier--Falls of Coal & RoofLeg injured by a fall, and amputated. Died from the effects of the injuries 
1873May15AirdriehillNew Monkland, LKSWm Black & sonsJohn ReidBrusher--Falls of RoofFall of roof in the road which he was “brushing”Newspaper report
1873May16BlairhallCulross, PERCarron Iron CoWilliam SteinSinker--In Ironstone minesWhile filling the “kettle” after a shot, in a sinking pit, a stone fell on himNewspaper report - Fife pages
1873May16ShieldmuirCambusnethan, LKSSummerlee Iron CoPat LarkenCollier--Falls of CoalFall of coal at the “stoops” 
1873May20ClunyKirkcaldy, FIFAnderson & GoodallJohn RankineSinker--In shafts – ropes & chains breakingBy breaking of a crane rope they fell 8 or 9 fathoms. The rope was completely decayed at the point of fracture, it was 6 years old and had been laying 3 years in a store NB Second man was Robert Forrester

Newspaper report - Fife pages
John RankineSinker--
1873May28Bogleshole No 4TollcrossJames Dunlop & CoJames AllanDriver15MiscellaneousWas run over by hutches Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1873May29LochgellyLochgelly, FIFLochgelly Iron & Coal CoAngus LowIncline bottomer13By tubs and tramsThe chain of the incline broke, and he was struck by one of the tubs Newspaper report - Auchterderran pages
1873May30Govan No 6GlasgowW S DixonChas. KeanRoadsman50Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof while engaged securing it 
1873May31ReddingPolmont, STIRedding Colliery CoJames EastonLoco. Brakesman21Miscellaneous on surfaceHe was thrown off a “race” of wagons, and run over by one of them 
1873May31Souterhouse No 2Coatbridge, LKSSouterhouse Coal CoJohn BattlesBencher24MiscellaneousWas run over by a hutch at the foot of an incline Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1873 June 4 West Calder     William Smith     Not listed Death not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Lothians pages
1873June5AddiewellWest Calder, EdinburghYoungs Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Co LtdJames BlackSinker--In Shale minesSqueezed against a “bunton” at the pit-head whilst ascending a sinking pit in a “kettle” Newspaper report - Lothians pages
1873June6KerseLochwinnochHamilton & McGinnesDavid HunterCollier24Falls of Coal & RoofFall of coal at face 
1873June9RameldrieMarkinch, FIFJames ThomasRobt. GourdieAssistant banksman--Falling into shaft from surfaceFor want of thought, he ran a tub into the shaft when the cage was at the bottom, and he fell with it. There were no gates on the pit mouth. The cages had only been in operation for two days and the gates were not finished. 
1873June23Rosehall No 3Coatbridge, LKSRobert Addie & SonsMichl. DownieFireman35ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
The second was occasioned by sheer carelessness; the victim was the regular fireman, whose duty it was to descend the pit and examine the working places before the workmen were allowed to enter to their work. It is supposed that in making his round of examination he had, with the utmost apparent indifference to results, used an open light, and on coming unexpectedly in contact with an accumulation of gas it exploded, and he was fatally injured.
1873June24KilmuxKennoway, FIFGlasgow Iron CoEd. BrownMiner--In Ironstone minesFall of stone from roof at face 
1873June24Overtown StationCambusnethan, LKSJames WaddellDavid ArmstrongCollier  Falls of CoalFall of coal at face 
1873June28Common, No 5CumnockEglinton Iron CoJohn ClarkMiner36In Ironstone mines- Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face. 
1873July2West PleanBannockburnRichard BrownRichard StewartCollier20Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1873July3MotherwellDalziel, LKSJohn WatsonWilliam AitonSinker--Things falling from surfaceA brick fell down the shaft and struck him on the head while working in the bottom  
1873July11WemyssWemyss, FIFR.G.E. WemyssJohn MelvilleCollier14Falls of CoalFall of coal at face  
1873July16CorsefordJohnstoneLud. HoustonWilliam AllanOversman61Falls of Coal & RoofFall of limestone and coal at face  
1873July24CalderbankBailliestonProvanhall Coal CoJohn AddieAsst. loco. Driver18 Above groundWas run over by full waggons which were shunted down an incline  
1873July26Thornton No 6KilmarnockArchd. FinnieHenry HoogansCollier19Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face.Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages [NB Gives name as Henry McGuiness]
1873July28Garrion GillCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.James PorteousDrawer23By tubs and tramsHe was coming down a heading in front of a loaded hutch, when in the act of stepping aside, was caught by a roadside prop and crushed between it and the hutch.  
1873July28TemplandCumnockEglinton Iron CoFrancis GoldieMiner--In Ironstone mines - Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof in drawing road  
1873July30OrbistonBothwell, LKSMossend Iron CoJohn BoydCollier--Falls of CoalFall of coal at face Newspaper report- Bothwell pages
1873August6SwineridgemuirBeithMerry & CunninghamJames SmithPony driver48In Ironstone mines - In ShaftsThe cage was raised when the deceased was crossing the cage with an empty hutch  
1873August8CambusnethanCambusnethan, LKSD & J SneddonRobt. KeirsCollier40Falls of RoofFall of roof at the face.  
1873August8Hill of BeathBeath, FIFOrd AdamsHenry BowerLabourer18Miscellaneous on surfaceWhilst uncoupling 2 wagons was jammed between the buffers. It was his first day at the work. Newspaper report - Beath pages
1873August11MauldslieCarluke, LKSJames WaddellRobt. HillCollier35Falls of CoalFall of coal at the face. Want of sprags  
1873August11OrbistonBothwell, LKSMossend Iron CoJohn SneddonCollier22Falls of RoofFall of roof at top of an incline

From Main body of report:
In the case when a fall of roof killed two men, it was said that the state of the roof was known to the manager and overman, and that the accident happened by their failure to see that it was properly secured. They were charged by the Procurator Fiscal with neglect of duty and tried before Sheriff Spens of Hamilton and a jury. They were found not guilty.
Daniel SymCollier20
1873August12JawcraigFalkirk, STIC J AlexanderHugh BeckPithead man60In shafts – miscellaneousHe had gone down into the pit in the morning to kindle a fire, and had fallen into the sump. He should not have been sent there Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1873August15Quarry PitCoatbridge, LKSW S DixonJames Docherty-----70In ShaftsBy going into the shaft incautiously and was struck by descending cage, injured 15 Aug, died 15 Sept  
1873August15RosehallCoatbridge, LKSRobert Addie & SonsOwen McLuskieLabourer50 Above groundWas run over by a waggon while disloading wood  
1873August19Braes O'YettsKirkintillochThomas FellEdward GallacherSinker45In ShaftsFell from the kettle while being raised  
1873August19RavenscraigDalziel, LKSGlasgow Iron CoAlexr. NeilsonCollier24Falls of CoalFall of coal whilst “holing”. Want of sprags  
1873August30KingseatDunfermline, FIFHenderson, Wallace & CoWm PatersonSinker39Falling from part way downHe was engaged along with another man in putting on a pump, and whilst screwing on a bolt, he missed his footing and fell to the bottom, a depth of 25 fathoms Newspaper report - Fife pages
1873September1ParkheadDalziel, LKSJohn WatsonWilliam OrrContractor for “stooping”40Falls of CoalFall of “head coal” at the “stoops”  
1873September2CarfinBothwell, LKSA.G. SimpsonJohn RaineyBrusher26Falls of RoofFall of roof while ridding out a road  
1873September2Wellwood No 11CumnockEglinton Iron CoJohn SmithSinker36In Ironstone mines - In ShaftsWas fatally injured by a bunton falling upon him while engaged in the shaft Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages
1873September3CowdenbeathBeath, FIFCowdenbeath Coal Co.James AllanCollier40Whilst ascending or descendingWhilst ascending the shaft with two other men, the cage got out of the slides, and he fell out Newspaper report - Beath pages
1873September4Garrion GillCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.John YoungCollier20In shafts – ropes & chains breakingHis father and he had ascended the shaft, the former had stepped off, when the cage with the latter fell to the bottom. It appears that the cotteril which kept the bolt in the muzzle had come out unobserved, and the bolt had gradually worked out  
1873September4WishawCambusnethan, LKSJames SteelWm. AllenPithead man50Miscellaneous on surfaceHe was moving forward a loaded wagon and got jammed  
1873September9SpringfieldBishopbriggsW S DixonThomas MorranMiner--In Ironstone mines - Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face.  
1873September10KingseatDunfermline, FIFHenderson, Wallace & CoRobert CondieCollier47Falls of RoofFall of roof at the face. The fireman had told them it was bad. He should have prevented them from going down. Newspaper report - Fife pages
George CondieCollier20
1873September10West LimeriggSlamannan, STIWest Limerigg Coal CoWm MuirBrusher40Falls of RoofFall of roof while “brushing” a road  
1873September11AuchenheathLesmahagow, LKSJas Fergusons TrusteesAlex. FramePithead man50Falling into shaft from surfaceFell from the surface down the pit. For want of thought he ran a tub into the shaft when the cage was not there to receive it. There was a gate but it was half open at the time  
1873September16Burnt BroomMount VernonDunn BrothersHenry MeikleLabourer24In ShaftsWas struck by the cage while going into the shaft  
1873September18AshgillDalserf, LKSAndrew SpencerJohn GardnerRoadsman35In shafts – overwindingHe and another man had gone on the cage at the surface to descend the pit. The engineman took the cage up instead of down, and Gardner getting alarmed jumped off and fell to the ground  
1873September18KinneilBo'ness, LinlithgowGeorge Wilson & CoRobert GrantBrusher--Explosion of GunpowderHe was in the act of drawing a copper needle from a shot which he had charged, when from some unexplained cause, the shot went off, and he was fatally injured. Whether there had been matches or some inflammable substance in the stemming is not known, but a careful examination failed to show anything to account for the explosion.

From Main body of report:
No. 51 of schedule is a remarkable accident, the deceased was in the act of drawing out a copper needle from a charge of powder, when the powder exploded. It is not at all unlikely that a match may have got into the " stemming/' but this was not proved. It was strenuously maintained by those who were working with him, that the needle was of copper. The hole was drilled in " faiks " or slaty shale, which could not emit a spark with a copper needle.
Newspaper report - Lothians pages
1873September19Barrachnie, No 2BailliestonWm Young & CoFrancis McLauchlanBrusher--MiscellaneousImproper use of gunpowder

From Main body of report:
I understand that on the night of the accident a "shot" in the roof of one of the ordinary drawing roads had failed to produce the effects required, and a second attempt was about to be made by introducing what they term a "buller shot." This is a reckless system of blasting, and it will be proper to explain it. When a "buller shot" is decided upon (of course following the failure of a shot, as above explained,) a part of the opening formed in the roof by the first explosion is selected, into which a quantity of powder is put. It is generally thrown in loosely by the hand with some sort of filler, and under such circumstances it is scarcely possible to complete the operation without dropping part of the powder on to the floor of the mine. An attempt is sometimes made to confine or reduce the opening by jamming in wood and clay, and in this rough way the powder is partly confined. In the present case it is supposed that 14 lbs. at least had been used, and it was procured from a barrel near to where the workmen were engaged. How the powder was ignited which produced this disaster cannot be distinctly stated, but as the shot was only being prepared, I have no doubt a spark from a lamp, probably while being trimmed, ignited the loose powder which lay on the floor of the mine. The flame from it would reach the powder in the opening in the roof and from that to the barrel, which was conveniently situated a few feet back. This reckless and unworkmanlike system of working ought to be nipped in the bud. I was not aware of it being practised by brushers at any pit till after the accident, and special attention has been directed to it. As the powder (25 lbs.) was taken into the mine on the night of the accident, apparently within the knowledge of the oversman, with your consent, he was charged with a contravention of the 8th General Rule, and special rules 3, 5, and 8 relating thereto. He pled guilty, and was sentenced by Sheriff Lees, of Airdrie, to pay a fine of £2, failing payment to suffer 20 days imprisonment.
Thomas MurrayBrusher--
1873September19Faskine No 7Airdrie, LKSWm Baird & CoJames ReidMiner--In ShaftsOverwinding; was drawn over the pullies

From Main body of report: The engineman in this case when requested to lower the case with the deceased in it, carelessly put the engine in motion, and, instead of lowering it, raised it up to the "cross-beams" and pulley, with which it came into violent contact, and the deceased was thrown or fell from the cage to the surface, a distance of 40 feet or thereby. He was mortally injured, and died soon after.

The Procurator Fiscal charged the engineman with culpable homicide, as also culpable violation or neglect of duty. The case was brought before Sheriff Lees, Airdrie, when the panel pled guilty to culpable violation or neglect of duty, which was accepted by the prosecutor, and he was fined £7 or suffer 30 days' imprisonment. He went to prison.
1873September20Clippins, No 3JohnstoneMerry & CunninghamWilliam ReidMiner21In Ironstone mines - MiscellaneousBy an explosion of gunpowder

From Main body of report:
The deceased and others were engaged by contract in a part of the mine which was "double shifted." They carried their powder into the mine in 25 lb. barrels. On the night preceding the accident, I understand that the persons engaged on that shift took a barrel of powder into the pit with them, but had not used any of it. It appears that when the day shift of- men arrived to their work they found some loose powder lying near to the barrel, and after collecting it they sat down to smoke. It is understood that one of them while trimming his lamp ignited part of the loose powder, and the whole was exploded (25 lbs.). Two deaths resulted from it. After submitting the facts, you directed that proceedings should be taken against the manager and workmen for violation of the 8th General Rule; as apparently the workmen had knowingly carried the powder into the mine contrary to the statute, and the management had acquiesced in it. Three of the workmen, after trial, were convicted by Sheriff Cowan Paisley, and each fined £2 or go to prison for thirty days. The manager, oversman, and fireman were also charged with contravention of the 8th General Rule and special rules. They pled not guilty, but after a careful trial the manager and oversman were convicted; the former was fined in the modified sum of £10, or ten days' imprisonment, and the latter was fined £2, with the same alternative. The fireman was dismissed in consideration of the short time he had acted as fireman.
Samuel StaffordMiner36
1873September23FauldhouseWhitburn, LinlithgowWm Dixon LtdGeorge WatsonSinker45In Ironstone minesFell or was knocked off a plank in a sinking pit, 5 fathoms from the bottom  
1873September24Busbie No 5KilmarnockA Finnie & sonAlexander TempletonCollier17Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof  
1873September27Garrion GillCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.Andrew SpiersCollier13Falls of CoalFall of “head coal” whilst filling a hutch  
1873October2KinneilBo'ness, LinlithgowGeorge Wilson & CoRobt. SmithBottomer19In Ironstone minesFound dead beneath cage in shaft bottom  
1873October14Gauchalland, No 2GalstonGauchalland Coal CoDaniel McGuinesEngineman28MiscellaneousWas found partly covered with water and surrounded with noxious gases  
1873October18Old FarmeRutherglenJames FairrieHugh CarsonBrusher32Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof  
1873October20Boig, No 1N CumnockLanemark Coal CoAlex. AndersonBoy15Falls of Coal & RoofFall of coal at face  
1873October22CastlehillCarluke, LKSShotts Iron CoAlex. RamsayRoadsman--Falls of RoofFall of roof  
1873October22KenmuirTollcrossJames Dunlop & CoSam. BradleyWaggoner37Above groundFell of a train of waggons in motion  
1873October24Bogleshole No 4TollcrossJames Dunlop & CoEdward McGuireBrusher50MiscellaneousWhile blasting  
1873October30BenharWhitburn, LinlithgowBenhar Coal Co LtdRobert IzzatCollier30Falls of CoalFall of coal at the face  
1873October31Fergushill, No 20KilwinningArchd. FinnieJohn MurrayRoadsman28In ShaftsBreakage of winding machinery while being raised  
Adam ScottRoadsman32
1873October31GreengairsNew Monkland, LKSJ & J RussellDan McQuireBrusher--Falling into shaft from surfaceHe and another were ascending the shaft. When the cage reached the surface it went up above the proper stopping placeNewspaper report
1873November8Braes O'YettsKirkintillochThos FellJames BlackFireman40In ShaftsBy the crane getting out of gear while being lowered in the shaft  
1873November11Eastfield No 4CambuslangT G BuchananJames SpeersBoy15In ShaftsFell from the cage while being lowered in consequence of some irregularity in winding

From Main body of report: This pit is 50 fathoms deep, and fitted in the ordinary way with cages and guides. I understand that on the morning of the accident the deceased (two boys) along with two workmen had gone on to the cage for the purpose of being lowered, but the engineman, instead of raising the cage slightly so as to allow the pitheadman to open the "shuts" and pass the cage, had unwound the rope as if the cage was being lowered; the consequence was that the rope as it left the drum lay loosely on the ground, near to, and under it. When the engineman's attention was directed to this state of things he rewound the rope (a flat hemp one) without taking the precaution to know whether it was properly done, and raised the cage until the shuts were opened, after which he lowered the cage, but, in the rapid descension, the rope was thrown off the pulley, the arms were cleared away from one side of the drum, liberating part of the rope, and the cage getting out of the guides was jammed in the shaft about 20 fathoms from the surface. The cage had evidently dropped a great part of that distance uncontrolled by the engine, and the assumption is, that it got out of the guides on the end of the slack rope being reached. When examined the cage was slightly canted, which would partly account for two of the persons upon the cage falling away. The engineman was prosecuted at common law, and charged with culpable homicide and culpable or reckless violation of duty. He pled guilty of culpable and reckless neglect of duty, and was sentenced by Sheriff Galbraith, of Glasgow, to pay a fine of £10, failing payment 4 months' imprisonment.
Newspaper report
Allan MaxwellBoy17
1873November14UddingstonBothwell, LKSJohn HendrieJames DiffersCollier--Falls of RoofFall of roof at the face.  
1873November15Drumpeller, No4Coatbridge, LKSDrumpellar Coal CoRobert DaviesCollier21Falls of Coal & RoofFall of coal while engaged taking it down  
1873November15WemyssWemyss, FIFR.G.E. WemyssThomas BirrelIncline man19Falls of RoofFall of roof at top of an incline  
1873November18RosehallBothwell, LKSRobert Addie & SonsPatrick Laden-----16Falling from part way downFell from a mid-working (main coal) to the bottom of the pit. There was a gate but it had not been kept shut Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1873November19KeltyBeath, FIFFife Coal CoThos. DistringtonSinker30Falling from part way downWhilst coming away from a “shot” he was caught by a “bunton” and knocked out of the kettle Newspaper report - Beath pages
1873November21ArdenNew Monkland, LKSWm Black & sonsJames FergusonCollier  Whilst ascending or descendingIn ascending the shaft, he attempted to jump off after the cage started and was caught by the door heads  
1873November21GreenCambusnethan, LKSRobert BellRobert WalkerEngineman33Falling into shaft from surfaceWhile assisting his brother at night to get a cage into the guides, he fell down the shaft.  
1873November21Kilbirnie No 32DalryMerry & CunninghamDavid HarviePitheadman55In Ironstone mines - In ShaftsWhile assisting to replace a cage fell into the shaft  
1873November22Corby CraigsDalmellingtonDalmellington Iron CoRobert WithersDrawer18In Ironstone mines- MiscellaneousWas jammed by a hutch against a “crowntree”  
1873November27Auldhouse BurnMuirkirkBarr & CoChas ClarkCollier17In ShaftsFell down the shaft (32 fathoms) when making repairs  
1873December1Wellwood No 1MuirkirkEglinton Iron CoWilliam AirdCollier34Falls of Coal & RoofFall of coal  
1873December6BroraClyne, SUTDuke of SutherlandAndrew AndersonBottomer17Things falling from surfaceSupposed to have been struck by a stone falling down the pit  
1873December12ShawsburnDalserf, LKSAndrew SpencerJohn McWilliamsBottomer35In shafts – miscellaneousIn attempting to go across the cage at the bottom the cage was lifted and he was drawn up and jammed against the “door heads”. There was a road around the shaft.  
1873December12Wester HawhillShettlestonFerrier & StrainAlex. SimpsonBoy14Above GroundGot entangled with an incline rope  
1873December19BogendKilwinningEglinton Iron CoGeo. McSkimmingBoy14MiscellaneousCrushed by empty hutches upon an incline  
1873December19GreenheadCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.Francis DavidsonCollier29Falls of CoalFall of “head coal” whilst shearing it. He had no “spurns” and was taking down too much at one time  
1873December19MerrytonHamilton, LKSMerryton Coal CoWilliam ClarkRoadsman--Falling from part way downFell to the bottom while repairing a broken slide in the shaft Newspaper report
1873December20PrestonlinksTranent, HaddingtonJ & C GrieveGeorge ForbesRoadsman50Falls of RoofFall of roof  
1873December26Barrwood No 2KilsythWm Baird & CoAlex CampbellAsst. bricklayer60ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
The third, which took place near the bottom of a pit in the act of being opened up, and where fire-damp was freely given off, proved fatal to a bricklayer's assistant, and was evidently occasioned by blundering with mixed lights.
Newspaper report
1873December26Kilmarnock No 9KilmarnockArchd. FinnieW MatifordCollier18Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof  
1873December27PatherCambusnethan, LKSColtness Iron Co.John RobertsCollier46Falls of RoofFall of roof at the face.Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1873December31Blackstone No 1CumnockEglinton Iron CoAndw. SutherlandMiner54In Ironstone mines - Falls of Coal & RoofFall of roof at face.  

Last Updated 3rd March 2012