Scottish Mining Website

1871 Deaths listed in Mine Inspectors Report
This table is compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries - William Alexander for the Western District of Scotland and Ralph Moore for the Eastern District of Scotland. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background
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Year MonthDayName of CollieryWhere situatedOwners namePerson(s) killedOccupationAgeCategory (if given)Cause of death and remarksExtra details
1871January1RiggsideDouglasJames SwannAlex GoldCollier27MiscellaneousRun over by a truck on an engine plane. He was riding on it against orders. 
1871January5ReddingFalkirkRedding Colliery CoAlex GrayPit-head man43In shaftsRan hutch into shaft, and fell after it.Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1871January7BogendKilwinningEglinton Iron CoJames BruceCollier50Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal while engaged taking it down 
1871January11Greenbrae  Robert Smith   Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report
1871January13ArnistonGorebridgeJohn Christie---- -----Engineman25Above groundWaggon ran amain and struck him 
1871January13GreenfieldHamiltonHamilton Coal Co.Robert BrownCollier30Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at stoopsNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871January16Gavieside  John Shaw    Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report
John Shaw, jun  
1871January17Kilsyth  David Tait   Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1871January19TwecharKilsythWilliam Baird & CoNathaniel WilsonMiner40In Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of ironstone and roof at faceNewspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1871January20RawCoatbridgeWm Baird & CoJames CarsonCollier25Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof at face Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1871February2GrangeKilmarnockRobert Yeats &CoWilliam ConnorCollier23In shaftsFell off cage while ascendingNewspaper Report
1871February6CornsollochHamiltonMessrs CochraneAndrew PenmanCollier60In shaftsFall of cage while ascending shaft

From Main body of report: A miner fell off the cage while ascending the shaft. There was no defect in the cage or slides to account for the accident.
Newspaper report - Dalserf pages
1871February17DrumpellerCoatbridgeHenderson & DimmackAmbrose TurnerCollier67Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871February18QuarterHamiltonColin Dunlop & CoHugh BlackCollier14Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face while holingNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871February21ClelandHolytownWilliam S DixonNicholas ReidCollier22Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at stoopsNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871February23CadderBishopbriggsCarron Iron CoJohn ClelandBoy14In Ironstone mines – in shaftsFell down the shaft from the surface 
1871February23ChapelWishawW S AitkenAndrew MuirOverman30In shaftsDrawing pumps with an old worn out crane rope; it broke while he was on it.

From Main body of report: At Chapel Colliery the manager of the pit was killed by a crane rope breaking. I examined the rope; it was old and worn out. It turned out that the deceased was warned that the rope was unsafe, yet he deliberately made use of it instead of a better one, which he could have had with little trouble.
Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871February25ColtnessWishawA G SimpsonGeorge ToddCollier30Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871March1GarriongillWishawColtness Iron Co.Hamilton McGillCollier25Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871March13CommonCumnockWilliam WalkerSamuel CrosbirCollier50In shaftsCrushed between the cage and the shaft, caused by misunderstanding of signals

From Main body of report: The pit where this unfortunate occurrence took place had just been sunk, and the deceased and his neighbour had been engaged forming a water lodgement and other preparatory work near to the pit bottom. I understand that on the morning of the accident they had finished a night shift and had signalled to be raised to the surface. As explained by the engineman he was engaged at the boiler fires at the time the signal was given, but a few minutes after he went in to the engine house, and not being aware that the signal was to raise men, he started the engine and after " backing" it raised the cage.

The deceased's neighbour, who was at the pit bottom, reports that the signal made was to raise men, and as the ordinary back signal arrangement had not been completed, it was the practice for the engineman, before lifting away the cage, to slightly raise it, and afterwards set it back, which was the acknowledged signal for men to get on to the cage. In this case the deceased and his neighbour when they saw the cage being set back attempted to get on to it, but it was not put back sufficiently, and they did not succeed in getting quite on. The deceased got crushed between the cage and the shaft, but his neighbour escaped by throwing himself back out of the cage.
The defect in this case lay in the back signal, and if a right back signal had been in use, in all probability the accident would not have happened.
1871March14CornsillochHamiltonMessrs CochraneRobert KirkwoodCollier30Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at faceNewspaper report - Dalserf pages
1871March15BalbardieBathgateMr WalkerJames GreenRoadsman25In Ironstone mines – above groundJammed between waggon and frames 
1871March16DovecotwoodKilsythBrown & RennieHugh JohnstoneCollier50Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871March17GreenWishawWishaw Iron CoGeorge StewartBrusher60In shaftsEngineman lifted the cage without signal before he got off, and crushed him between the cage and side of pit.Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871March17Hill of BeathDunfermlineOrd AdamsJohn HunterCollier30Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof in main roadNewspaper report - Beath accidents
1871March21SpringsideDreghornArchd KennethAlex McDonaldCollier36Above groundCrushed on one of the colliery lyes between two loaded waggons 
1871March24BarleithHurlfordJohn GallowayJames GarvenCollier18Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871March28GovanGlasgowW S DixonJames ParkCollier56In shaftsFell from a “mid-working”

From Main body of report:
The deceased was a small contractor at the colliery. He was engaged driving a stone mine off the shaft, and shortly before the accident he had returned to the shaft from it, for the purpose of being raised to the surface. While standing close to the side of the shaft, awaiting the return of the cage, he in some way overbalanced himself and fell to the bottom a distance of 40 feet.
1871March28Mount VernonBailliestonJohn YoungRobert ParkCollier17Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1871March30LimeridgeSlamannanForrester & RobsonJohn PettigrewCollier13Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at faceNewspaper report
1871March31ShawfieldWishawJohn WilsonWilliam Cairnshillman20Above groundCrushed by waggons at screens 
1871April3RosehallCoatbridgeRobert Addie & SonsWilliam JenkinsMiner43In Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of roof 
1871April7ThrashbushAirdrieThrashbush Coal CoWillm CarsewellCollier60Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871April11QuarterHamiltonColin Dunlop & CoFrancis CadzowLabourer15In shaftsFell from pit head. No gatesNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871April15South BoigN CumnockLanemark Coal CoJohn PenmanBoy14ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
On the morning of the accident, the fireman in making his examination discovered firedamp in an advanced section of the work at A
Fig. 1, and extending a few feet back.

He properly kept the workmen out of it, and I understand placed a fence at B so as to prevent any person entering it. The manager who visited the pit shortly after, and when acquainted with the state of the ''heading," directed that the "plane" C should be pushed through without delay upon the "end" D, and the deceased, father and son, were also appointed to construct a trap-door at E to be in readiness, so that when the places C D were connected, the ventilation might be carried direct to the face of the heading at A. As to the cause of the explosion, it seems certain that the deceased either ignited the gas at the fence B or inside of it nearer to the heading. In support of this view the boy's cap was found in the inside of the fence, and as workmen had been passing the point referred to, B, frequently on the morning of the accident with open lights, the inference is that the gas lay beyond the fence, and could only be reached by passing within it. Apparently the range of safety did not extend far beyond the fence. According to the fireman it could not exceed nine yards; under such circumstances it would have been better to supply the deceased with safety lamps to work with, and prohibit persons from passing near to the fence with open lights till after the gas was dislodged.
James PenmanCollier40
1871April18CairnhillAirdrieWm Baird & CoJames Henderson 28Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871April18HaugheadHamiltonMerry & CunninghamHugh SilverCollier40Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at stoopsNewspaper report - Hamilton pages [gives name as James Salfridge]
1871April20CorsehillKilwinningEglinton Iron CoJohn WattForeman engineer45Above groundFalling down an old shaft which was in the act of being filled up

From Main body of report:
At Corsel Colliery, near Kilwinning, while a "gang" of labourers were engaged filling up an old shaft, and restoring the surface, part of the woodwork, engine framing, and "barring" fell in, with a quantity of the surrounding stuff, and choked up the mouth of the shaft for about 20 feet. After some delay, and a few unsuccessful attempts to force away the rubbish and clear an opening, a run of water convenient to the pit was diverted from its course and allowed to play upon it. During the experiment two men actually went on to the top of the rubbish immediately over the pit, and with a pinch or rod commenced to partially move the stuff, with the view of aiding the water to force an opening, when it suddenly fell away, and they were hurled into the shaft with it. It is difficult to conceive a more rash and inconsiderate act, than for two men to place themselves upon a body of loose stuff, their only support, suspended in a shaft 50 fathoms deep, and to deliberately exert themselves to force it away.
John FauldsLabourer20
1871April26GlengyronCumnockEglinton Iron CoHugh CarruthersMiner38In Ironstone mines – miscellaneousBy gunpowder while blasting 
1871May13FernigareHamiltonArchd. RussellJas MillerCollier55Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal while holingNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871May15WoodheadBathgateColtness Iron Co.Wm McAlpineMiner18In Ironstone mines – falls, coal and roofFall of roof 
1871May20MotherwellMotherwellM FitzpatrickJohn WatsonCollier27Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at stoops 
1871May24KirkwoodCoatbridgeJohn HendrieJames WallaceCollier34Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal Newspaper Report - Old Monkland pages
1871May29RedanStevenstonMerry & CunninghamWilliam ScottDrawer13Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871May30KippsAirdrieRobertson & EddieJohn WallaceCollier45Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof while working at stoopsNewspaper report
1871June2DrummoreMusselburghDeans and MooreJames GreigCollier14Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal while working at stoops 
1871June10PatherWishawColtness Iron Co.Daniel HamiltonCollier15Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof on road 
1871June13CraigstonCumnockEglinton Iron CoJames FrewMiner33In Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of roof 
1871June13LochgellyLochgellyLochgelly Iron CoArchd HodgeCollier15Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871June24BoglesholeTollcrossJames Dunlop & CoRichard GrayCollier58Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal 
1871June27ChapelsideAirdrieFerrier & StrainPat StrainCollier25In shaftsFall of strata from side of shafts

From Main body of report:
One man was killed while ascending the shaft, by a piece of loose strata falling from the side of the shaft. An engine had been started underground a few days before, and the exhaust steam ascending the upcast shaft had acted injuriously on the soft strata. The steam is now carried to the surface in pipes.
1871June--EastfieldRutherglenT G BuchananPatrick O'NeilBottomer19In shaftsCrushed in the shaft by the cage being lifted without a signal

From Main body of report:
The deceased was the bottomer, and at the time of the accident he was engaged placing a hutch upon the cage. From some cause, the hutch not being quite on, it was found necessary to draw it back, and the deceased was in the act of pushing it back when, without a signal, the cage was raised, and he was crushed between the cage and the side of the shaft. The usual steps were taken to prosecute the engineman for culpable neglect of duty, but a link in the chain of evidence was found to be wanting after the trial was fixed and witnesses cited, and ultimately the case was abandoned.
1871June30Motherwell  James Maxwell   Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report
1871July3CambusnethanWishawD and J SneddonJohn McTavishBottomer14In shaftsCrushed by cage while crossing shaft 
1871July5EnterkineAyrGeorge Taylor & CoJames McCrorieCollier26Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roofNewspaper Report
1871July8Quarter Ironworks    Alexander Bell Chassels      Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871July10DrumnirKilmarnockMerry & CunninghamJohn LittleBoy14Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871July10GovanRutherglenW S DixonRobert ReidEngineer45Above groundScalded by steam whilst repairing the throttle valve of steam engine

From Main body of report: As a specimen of the neglect or want of care complained of during the past year, three mechanics went on a Sunday morning to make alterations upon the " throttle" valve in connexion with one of the winding engines at Govan Colliery. They deliberately took out the bolts which secured this piece to the steam pipes, and were in the act of pressing it off, when it was suddenly driven out by the force of the steam supplied from a number of large boilers, then at a pressure of not less than 30 pounds upon the square inch. Two of them were killed instantaneously, and the third survived only a few hours. They were all practical mechanics, two of them mature in years, their ages being 60, 45, and 22, of whom the oldest had been for upwards of 40 years employed in the working and construction of steam engines. In this case it would seem incredible that three intelligent practical mechanics could deliberately disengage the valve piece from the steam pipes, without first taking the precaution to shut off the steam connexion with the boilers, or exhaust the steam, which at the time was pressing actively against it.
Newspaper report
John BoydEngineer60
John BinningEngineer22
1871July13CadderBishopbriggsCarron Iron CoRobert HigginsSinker35In Ironstone mines – in shaftsBy a scaffold on which they were standing getting detached from the rope

From Main body of report: This accident, by which three lives were lost, is an exceptional one, and I do not recollect a similar occurrence during my experience.

The shaft was sunk by contract, by an intelligent sinker, of considerable experience, and well acquainted with such work. He was in attendance at the pit mouth on the day of the accident, and, according to his own statement, they were at the time engaged connecting a "set" of pump rods in the shaft. The deceased, three sinkers, were lowered in a kettle by the engine to the point where the connexion required to be made, and where a scaffold, suspended from a crane at the surface, was hanging. It appears that they got out of the kettle safely on to the scaffold, and signalled it away.
It was raised accordingly, but in passing the muzzle pin, which connected the scaffold to the crane rope, shown on hand sketch, Fig. 2, the iron hoop of the kettle caught the head of the muzzle pin and drew it out, disconnecting the scaffold, which fell away. There was a quantity of water in the shaft, consequently it was some time before the bodies could be recovered; one of the sufferers was the contractor's son.
In discussing with the contractor after the accident as to the insecurity of the muzzle pin, it being secured or kept in place by a strip of bucket leather, he explained that he put in the leather for safety, as being less likely to catch their clothes while being raised and > lowered past it than a split iron cutter.
Often a mystery exists as to the cause of these uncommon occurrences.
In this case, however, there was no difficulty ; the bolt was found at the bottom of the shaft with the leather in it entire.
A split iron cutter is often used for such purposes, and forms a simple connexion. Such a contrivance would have been effectual in preventing this accident, but for general use I believe that a nut screwed on to the end of the muzzle pin, and kept in place by a small rivet, is the most safe and secure.
Newspaper Report
David ShawSinker28
Robert HendersonSinker22
1871July14MilnwoodHolytownJohn ChristieRobert MitchelRoadsman26In shaftsFell from mid-working. He ran a hutch into shaft when cage was away

From Main body of report: Two men were killed by falling from mid-workings. In both cases the deceased were in a great measure to blame themselves. In one case the "bottomer" was standing at his post, and the man who was killed rushed past him and fell into the shaft. In the other case the deceased was a roadsman who was working within 20 yards of the shaft, on day's wages, and therefore in no particular hurry, and he might have seen that no cage was there.
Newspaper report
1871July20GreenfieldShettlestonGeo McNair & CoCharles NeilsonBoy14In shaftsBy the winding rope (wire) breaking whilst they were being raised in the shaft

From Main body of report: The deceased, a man and boy, were in the act of being raised, and had ascended about 35 fathoms, when the rope suddenly broke, and they were dashed to the bottom of the pit. In this case the rope, which was of wire, had originally been three inches in circumference, but at the place of fracture it, by wear, was reduced to 2 3/4 inches circumference ; a few of the outside wires were also worn through and broken. Thirty-six feet were cut off the rope after the accident within three feet of the fracture, and prepared for testing. In that length six broken wires were found, and it broke when subjected to a strain of four tons, the Admiralty test breaking strain for a similar description of rope when new being 11 tons 14 cwts., and at 2 3/4inches circumference, 10 tons.
Newspaper report
William KinnairdCollier44
1871July24GarriongillColtnessColtness Iron Co.And AndersonOnsetter14MiscellaneousRun over by trams on engine incline. He was riding on the train, and it was flung off the road 
1871July25InkermanJohnstoneMerry & CunninghamJohn BarclayMiner20In Ironstone mines – in shaftsWas jammed in the shaft by the cage being lifted without a signal 
1871August5ShawfieldWishawJohn WilsonM OharaCollier25Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face 
1871August8TownheadHurletJohn Wilson & SonsJohn GebbieBoy14Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871August16GrangeKilmarnockRobert Yeats &CoJames McChristieCollier50Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871August23RedburnKilwinningEglinton Iron CoSamuel BrownBrusher45Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871August24OvertonWishawJohn WilsonJohn MorganCollier45Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871August24QuarterDennyW Baird & CoAlexander PatersonMiner34In Ironstone mines – miscellaneousBy gunpowder while blastingNewspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1871August24DalzellLanarkshire  William Cotts      Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report - Lanarkshire pages
1871August24HurlfordAyrshire  Matthew Parkerengineman    Death not listed in Inspectors report[Many thanks to Jim Smith for providing these details]
1871August29WoodhallAirdrieMerry & CunninghamRob FotheringhameDrawer13Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof on road 
1871August31PoltonDalkeithJas EagleshamJohn DuncanBlacksmith45In shaftsDrum got out of gear and ran amain with deceased, and another man in kettle; they fell into 10 fathoms of water. It was a sinking pit

From Main body of report: At Polton Colliery a man was killed by the winding drum getting out of gear, through the engineman neglecting to secure it properly. The engineman was tried for manslaughter and sentenced to one month's imprisonment.

Newspaper report

1871September4BarleithKilmarnockJohn Galloway & CoWilliam CoplandCollier23Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871September4Calder BankBailliestonProvanhall Coal CoRobert HutchisonCollier50ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report: For 10 months or more previous to the accident a pair of mines were commenced in the main coal seam, for the purpose of communicating with the abandoned workings of an adjoining pit partly filled with water, They had advanced beyond the general face of workings 300 yards, and near to the point of connexion a dislocation of the strata was unexpectedly met with which necessitated some change The deceased were at the time of the accident driving a crosscut stone mine for the purpose of forming a connexion at the proper level, and worked only during day. No one worked within 200 yards of them except a collier, Doran, who was employed in forming a "stow" mine, simply for depositing the stuff produced from their mine. The mine and Doran's place were ventilated by a split from the general current of air. Doran's place and the road leading to it were examined every morning by the fireman. The deceased, Baxter, had a contract for driving the stone mine referred to. He examined it for himself, and was supplied with a safety lamp for that purpose. On Saturday forenoon both places were clear of firedamp; on Monday morning following, about 6.30 a.m., Baxter and his neighbour passed in to their work with their naked lights. They met with firedamp before reaching Doran's room, which ignited at their lights, causing an explosion. Their bodies were found about 50 feet back from the road leading in to Doran's room, which should have been examined by the regular fireman. It came out in evidence after the accident that, in consequence of Doran's place lying so far out of the fireman's way, being distant from any other works, that it was his custom not to make an examination of it until Doran went with him. Unfortunately, Doran did not come out to his work on the morning of the accident, and his place was not examined. If the fireman had examined it he would have discovered the gas which caused the explosion, and in all probability the accident would have been prevented.

This is another sad instance of the impropriety of excepting places in a colliery from the surveillance of the general fireman. If it had been the fireman's duty to examine every working part, then Baxter and his neighbour would have waited for his report. But as arranged, practically, their examination commenced at the point leading into Doran's place, where they kept their safety lamp, and outside of which the explosion happened.
The public prosecutor in this case charged the fireman with culpable homicide. He was tried in the Court House, Airdrie, by Sheriff Logie and a jury, found guilty, and sentenced to 30 days' imprisonment.
Newspaper report
Thomas BaxterContractor50
1871September5MuirhouseWishawArchd RussellJohn WebsterCollier36Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face 
1871September7FernigareHamiltonArchd RussellRob FeelyCollier15ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp at stoops, caused by a roadman putting his naked light to a fall where gas was.

From Main body of report:
On the 17th September, an explosion of firedamp occurred at Fernigair Colliery, near Hamilton, which burned six persons, one of these fatally. The accident occurred in connexion with some pillar workings where the men worked with safety lamps. One of the roadsmen was working amongst the men with a naked light, which he had placed close to a ''fall" where gas had been seen in the morning. The light lighted the gas and burned the persons near the place. This accident was clearly due to the recklessness of the roadsman in using a naked light where the miners had safety lamps.

NB James Tierney, age 27, pit roadsman, address: Rumblingsykes, Dalziel, was tried for culpable homicide and culpable violation, or neglect of duty at the High Court, Glasgow (Second Court), 28 Dec 1871. He was found not guilty - source NAS catalogue] Newspaper report - Hamilton pages

1871September7NeubattleDalkeithMarquis of LothianRobert DavidsonCollier30Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at faceNewspaper report
1871September7RosehallHolytownRobert Addie & SonsAlex AllenCollier40Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face 
1871September13BartonholmKilwinningEglinton Iron CoMatthew PorterCollier54Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871September14RameldrieCuparM ThomasJohn GullandEngineman60Above groundFell into hot water cistern 
1871September14StarryshawShottsMuir & ThorntonJames AdamCollier40Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face 
1871September20SwineridgemuirBeithMerry & CunninghamJames PullonieCollier54Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal 
1871September26FergushillKilmarnockMerry & CunninghamHugh LangSinker31In Ironstone mines – in shaftsFell out of the kettle while being raised in the shaft 
1871September26GreenhillHolytownRobert YoungWilliam CurrieMiner26In Ironstone mines – above groundStumbled into machinery while drunk, and not on duty 
1871September29CambusnethanWishawD and J SneddonJames SmellieCollier26Falls, Coal and RoofFall of top coal 
1871September30WoodhillKilmarnockMerry & CunninghamJames EastonOversman30Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871October2MauldslieCarlukeMichael BurnsWill. GoldieDrawer15MiscellaneousRun over by tubs. Incline rope broke while he was following tubs 
1871October4ColtnessColtnessColtness Iron Co.John ConnorCollier17Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at faceNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871October4ColtnessColtnessColtness Iron Co.James MenziesCollier23Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof at faceNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871October12BalgonieMarkinchMr BalfourHenry KerrCollier21Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal while holing 
1871October12HaugheadHamiltonMerry & CunninghamHenry HoustonCollier17In shaftsFell down pit from mid-working

From Main body of report: Two men were killed by falling from mid-workings. In both cases the deceased were in a great measure to blame themselves. In one case the "bottomer" was standing at his post, and the man who was killed rushed past him and fell into the shaft. In the other case the deceased was a roadsman who was working within 20 yards of the shaft, on day's wages, and therefore in no particular hurry, and he might have seen that no cage was there.
Newspaper report - Hamilton pages
1871October18StarlawBathgateUphall Oil CoFrancis BraddyCollier40ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp. Want of air

From Main body of report:
On the 18th October there was an explosion of firedamp m the coal workings of the Starlaw Shale pit, near Bathgate. The coal had been newly reached by a stone drift from the shale workings. The air was led into the stone-mine by means of a brick brattice But when the current reached the coal workings it was so much reduced by leakages that there was scarcely a visible current, and firedamp was usually found in some of the workings. On the morning of the accident the fireman of the pit, a bricklayer, were about to put in some additional bratticing in one of the places which contained firedamp. They first sent the deceased in the dark to "waff" it out. In doing so it is supposed that he brought the firedamp in contact with some naked lights about 20 yards distant and it exploded. The man at the face was killed, and five others were burned. There was little firedamp in the workings ; a very ordinary supply of air would have been sufficient to have kept them clear. After the fire in this pit last year, the furnace was removed to the surface, where it is not so effective, and the company are now erecting a fan capable of raising 14,000 cubic feet per minute.
1871October28Over JohnstoneWishawWishaw Iron CoThomas ScottRoadsman27Falls, Coal and RoofFall of stone on roadNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871October30BartonholmKilwinningEglinton Iron CoThomas McQuadeFireman35ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report:
The explosion took place on a Monday morning. The ventilating furnace had not been attended to from the preceding Saturday, and I learned that the fireman on discovering the state of the furnace had re-kindled it, and after remaining in the neighbourhood for a few minutes had gone off with a number of workmen, for the purpose, of making an examination of a section of the pit, where fire-damp was supposed to exist. It appears that they proceeded all together, carrying their naked lamps, which ignited a quantity of gas at or within a few feet of the face. Two were killed by the fire or flame, and two died, it is supposed, from the effects of the after damp.

At many of the collieries it is the rule for the fireman to examine the mine before the engineman shall allow the workmen to be lowered to their work. An additional precaution has been introduced at Eglinton Ironworks, where the accident referred to happened, by which four persons were killed by an explosion. The fireman, in addition to making his examination before the workmen shall be allowed to enter to their work, is bound to mark with chalk upon each working face the date of his examination. Every colliery owner professes by his special rules to have an examination of his mine made in the morning by a properly qualified fireman. Underground workmen, who trust their lives on the faith of the fireman's examination, are well entitled to ask for every possible security as to the manner in which this important regulation is carried out. And I think the following might be made a special rule at every colliery in this district: "That the fireman, in addition to his examination, shall leave his mark with chalk—the day of the month—upon every working place." There is nothing novel in this; it is a common-sense precaution, and perhaps the best proof that can be obtained of the fireman having performed his duty. No additional expense would be incurred in carrying it out, and if strictly observed it would be productive of much good.

Newspaper report

Charles McDonaldBrusher40Explosions
William GrahamBrusher38Explosions
Samuel HolmesBrusher36Explosions
1871November1GauchallandGalstonGauchalland Coal CoJohn ClarkDrawer13In shaftsFell from a mid-working 32 fathoms

From Main body of report: The deceased was a boy about 13 years of age, and was engaged as a drawer in the the "Tourha" seam. He was about to leave off work on the night of the accident, and went with the person who employed him near to the shaft for the purpose of ascending. Being left alone for a few minutes it is supposed that in passing under a screen near to the pit his light had been put out, and in the dark he had unwittingly walked into the shaft and fallen to the bottom, a distance of 32 fathoms.

By the special rules of the colliery it was the duty of the manager to appoint a bottomer to make the required signals, and to look after the safety of the workmen while being raised or lowered. Those intrusted with carrying out the details of management wilfully failed to comply with this important regulation.
1871November4HolmesGalstonJohn HorneJohn WhiteCollier30Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal 
1871November6CavinhillAirdrieWm Baird & CoNeil CochilCollier23Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof at face 
1871November7BankheadGalstonEglinton Iron CoJames MilneBricklayer50In shaftsCrushed by the cage when crossing the shaft with a hutch 
1871November8BlairdardieRenfrewMerry & CunninghamWalter MillerCollier46Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871November10BellsdykeAirdrieShaw & PettigrewAnd. MartinCollier19Falls, Coal and RoofFall of coal at face while holingNewspaper report - New Monklands
1871November17BankheadSanquharMisses WhighamDavid WalkerBoy13Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871November17No 10 Pit, Wishaw    Samuel Walker    Not listedDeath not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages With thanks to Jim Irvine for this information
1871November18NethertonWishawWishaw Iron CoDan. CarlinRoadsman45Falls, Coal and RoofFall of roof in roadNewspaper report - Cambusnethan pages
1871December4GartshoreKilsythWm Baird & CoNeil HarveyBrusher23ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp.

From Main body of report: The sufferers in this case were "redsmen," a class of workmen who, at this colliery, where the roof is tender and falls freely, are engaged during the night clearing falls which happen in the roadways, and in securing the roof with wood or otherwise when required. They descend regularly after the colliers' shift ceases. There was a deputed overlooker, and it was his duty to make the necessary examinations for the safety of the workmen engaged under him.

On the morning of the accident I understand that he sent the deceased and a neighbouring workman named Tullore to examine the roadways to the west of the main "incline." In the course of their examination they discovered a fall of roof in the west level, and about 120 feet from the face of it. From this point the current of air was guided to the face by brattice, which the fall of roof had apparently damaged; for, when Tullore inconsiderately went in towards the face of the level with his open light, he ignited a quantity of gas, which burned himself and fatally injured his companions.
These workmen were not provided with a safety lamp, and it appeared that in their examinations they used no precautionary measures.
Under the circumstances the deputed overlooker ought to have examined the roadways with a safety lamp before the ordinary workmen were allowed to travel along them with their open lights.
Michael DailbyBrusher47
1871December4HurlfordHurlfordAllan Gilmour & CoDavid BlackRoadsman55Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871December5BalquhatstoneSlamannanJohn WatsonAnd. BaxterCollier20Falls, Coal and RoofFall of stone at face 
1871December5KilmarnockKilmarnockArchibald FinnieWilliam BarbourCollier54Falls of Coal and RoofFall of coal 
1871December8BarrachnieBailliestonWm Young & CoJames FinniganBrusher39Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof while engaged taking it down 
1871December15QuarterHamiltonColin Dunlop & CoJohn SemplePit-head man17Above groundRun over by waggons. 
1871December23Maid Pit, CommonCumnockEglinton Iron CoJames DixonDrawer19In Ironstone mines – in shaftsBy getting entangled with the cage when it was about to be lowered 
1871December27MossendHolytownMossend Iron CoAnd Wingateoverman55ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp. Went into an old working with a naked light

From Main body of report:
On the 27th December an explosion of firedamp at Mossend Colliery resulted in the death of the underground manager and serious personal injury to the overman. They had gone into a disused part of the workings with their naked lights, and ignited some firedamp which lay there. They were both much burned, and the manager died. This accident was caused by gross negligence on the part of the injured men, who ought to have made the examination with a safety lamp.
1871December29BarleithKilmarnockJohn Galloway & CoThomas GoldieCollier30Falls of Coal and RoofFall of roof 
1871December30AshgillLarkhallAndrew SpencerJohn McLeanAssistant pit head man14In shaftsRun tub into pit, gates off repairing

From Main body of report: In accident No. 52 the gate was off under repair. It is to be remarked that people get accustomed to and rely upon these gates, and an accident is more likely to happen if the gate is off temporarily than if it had never been applied at all.
Newspaper report - Dalserf pages

Last Updated 4th February 2012